Cosmology Today

  • R. Ruffini
  • A. Qadir


It may seem odd to include the subject of cosmology in this college on Physics and Contemporary Needs. However, it is our belief that it is not only the right, but also the duty, of every country to think for itself. The developing countries can no more afford to be intellectually dependent on the developed countries than they can afford to be economically dependent. Cosmology, with its grandeur and remoteness from human affairs, is an ideal subject to develop independent thinking. It is, thus, a need of all ages and is, therefore, a contemporary need.


Black Hole Neutron Star Globular Cluster Inertial Mass Einstein Tensor 
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    L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, ‘The Classical Theory of Fields’, Pergamon Press (1962).Google Scholar
  2. (2).
    M. Rees, R. Ruffini and J. A. Wheeler, ‘General Relativity, Black Holes and Gravitational Waves’, Gordon and Breach (1975).Google Scholar
  3. (3).
    Riazuddin (Ed.), ‘Physics and Contemporary Needs Vol. I’, Plenum Publishers (1977).Google Scholar
  4. (4).
    R. Ruffini (Ed.), ‘Proceedings of the First Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity’, North Holland (1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Ruffini
    • 1
  • A. Qadir
    • 2
  1. 1.Guglielmo MarconiRomeItaly
  2. 2.Quaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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