Advertisement

Standardization of Producing Needle Electrodes

  • E. Sinagowitz
  • M. Kessler
  • K. Fehlau
  • B. Bölling
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 37 A)

Abstract

Platinum micro-electrodes insulated with glass for Po2-measurements were first described by Cater and Silver (1961). Based on their work Lübbers and Baumgärtl (1967) developed a needle electrode with a tip diameter of 1/u for measurements of both oxygen and hydrogen tension in tissue.

Keywords

Renal Artery Oxygen Supply Platinum Wire Needle Electrode Heat Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baumgärtl, H., D.W. Lübbers: Platinum needle electrodes for polarographic measurement of oxygen and hydrogen. In: Oxygen supply, theoretical and practical aspects of oxygen supply and microcirculation of tissue, ed. by M. Kessler, D.F. Bruley, L.C. Clark Jr., D.W. Lubbers, I.A. Silver, J. Strauss, pp. 130–136. Urban & Schwarzenberg, MünchenBerlin-Wien 1973.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cater, D.B., I.A. Silver: Electrodes and microelectrodes used in biology. In: References Electrodes, ed. by D.J.G. Ives and I.G. Janz, Chap. 11, p. 464, Academic Press, New York-London 1961.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kessler, M.: Problems with the use of platinum cathodes for the polarographic measurement of oxygen. In: Oxygen supply, theoretical and practical aspects of oxygen supply and micro-circulation of tissue, ed. by M. Kessler, D.F. Bruley, L.C. Clark Jr., D.W. Lübbers, I.A. Silver, J. Strauss, pp. 81–85. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München-Berlin-Wien 1973.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lubbers, D.W., H. Baumgärtl: Herstellungstechnik von palladinierten Pt-Stichelektroden (1–5/u Außendurchmesser) zur polarographischen Messung des Wâsserstoffdruckes für die Bestimmung der Mikrozirkulation. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 294, R39 (1967).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ullrich, K.J., E. Frömter, K. Baumann: Micropuncture and microanalysis in kidney physiology. In: Laboratory techniques in membrane biophysics ed. by H. Passow, R. Stämpfli, pp. 106–129 Springer Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York 1969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Sinagowitz
    • 1
  • M. Kessler
    • 1
  • K. Fehlau
    • 1
  • B. Bölling
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für ArbeitsphysiologieDortmundWest Germany

Personalised recommendations