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Studies on Retinal Oxygenation

  • M. Tsacopoulos
  • R. Baker
  • S. Levy
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 75)

Abstract

Mammalian retina is partially vascularized. The capillaries, supplied by the central retinal artery, extend as deep as the inner nuclear layer, while the outer layers remain avascular. However, the photoreceptors inner segment contains huge mitocondriae. This fact indicates intense oxidative activity at this level, and the oxygen used for this process presumably diffuses from choriocapillaries through the Bruch’s membrane. This particular mode of oxygenation should determine a structured metabolism based on a combination of oxidative and anaerobic capacity.

Keywords

Retinal Layer Central Retinal Artery Outer Plexiform Layer Anaerobic Capacity Mammalian Retina 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Tsacopoulos, M., Baker, R., Levy, S. and J.L. Munoz — A versatile system for studying mammalian intraretinal metabolism and function in situ. Exp. Eye Res. 1975 (accepted for publication).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baumgärtl, H. and D.W. Lübbers — Platinum needle electrode for Polarographie measurement of oxygen and hydrogen. In Oxygen Supply (Eds. Kessler, M., Bruley, D.F., Clark, L.C., Lubbers, D.W., Silver, I.A. and Strauss, J.) Urban and Schwarzenberg, München 1973, pp. 130–136.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sinagowitz, E. and Kessler, M. — Standardization of producing needle electrodes. In Oxygen Transport to Tissue (Eds. Bicher, H.I. and Bruley, D.F.) 37A, 23–27, Plenum Press, New York (1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Tsacopoulos
    • 1
  • R. Baker
    • 1
  • S. Levy
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinique Universitaire d’OphtalmologieGenevaSwitzerland

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