Cross-Sectional Versus Longitudinal Studies

  • Francis E. Johnston
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 49)


The conceptual basis for this consideration of research design in the interrelationships between physical anthropology, as a discipline, and nutritional status, as a parameter, rests on the assumption that the morphology and body composition of the individual, and the biomass of a population, are functions of the quantity, the quality, and the utilization of the diets of its members. While there are other determinants that contribute to the above features, and that prevent a simplistic application of resulting data, the use of measurements as indicators of the nutritional adequacy of a group has been shown to be of sufficient utility1–3 to suggest that such an approach be significantly informative under appropriate conditions.4


Nutritional Status Sampling Error Longitudinal Design Growth Spurt Physical Anthropology 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis E. Johnston
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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