The Role and Effect of Parenteral Nutrition on the Liver and Its Use in Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Childhood
At the present time, specific and clear-cut clinical indications for the use of intravenous nutrition in the infant, child or adolescent with hepatobiliary disease do not exist. The indications for the implementation of such a life-support system on a temporary basis in children undergoing extensive operative procedures on the liver or biliary tract is similar to that found in any child undergoing radical surgery. The use of intravenous nutrition in such situations is, however, primarily if not solely, related to the need to nutritionally sustain such children during prolonged periods when they cannot tolerate oral feedings. There does not appear to be any specific advantage to this group of postoperative pediatric surgical patients as opposed to any other group of poorly nourished children following extensive surgery of the cardiovascular, neuromuscular or genito-urinary systems.
KeywordsAnorexia Nervosa Parenteral Nutrition Total Parenteral Nutrition Biliary Atresia None None
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