Total Intravenous Alimentation in Low Birth Weight Premature Infants
We have given total intravenous alimentation to nine infants weighing less than 1200 grams at birth. Table I shows the pertinent clinical data pertaining to these infants. There were three males and six females; birth weights ranged from 720 to 1150 grams. Gestational age, as determined by last menstrual period, neurological examination and neuroelectrical techniques, was between 26 and 30 weeks, with eight of the nine infants’ weights being appropriate for gestational age. All infants were given intravenous nutrients as an attempt to increase the caloric intake above that usually achieved in infants of this weight. Associated clinical problems included pulmonary insufficiency of prematurity, recurrent apnea and necrotizing enterocolitis. No infant had respiratory distress syndrome.
KeywordsPremature Infant Nitrogen Balance Necrotizing Enterocolitis Pulmonary Insufficiency Total Weight Gain
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