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Controlled Parenteral Nutrition of Premature Infants

  • P. Jürgens
  • D. Dolif
  • C. Panteliadis
  • C. Hofert
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 46)

Abstract

The first successful parenteral feeding of a human based on sound theoretical and experimental principles was carried out by Abderhalden et al. (1909) in a 9-year old child. As early as 1939, several investigators (Farr et al., 1939; Shohl et al., 1939) infused casein hydrolysates intravenously into children and obtained positive nitrogen balances. There is currently an extensive pre-and postoperative climical experience concerning complete parenteral nutrition of newborns suffering from severe anomalies of the intestinal tract and severely ill infants in whom for various reasons a sufficient oral nutrition is not possible (Børresen et al., 1970; Dudrick et al., 1970; Dudrick, 1971; Erdmann, 1970; Farr and MacFadyen, 1939; Filler et al., 1969; Heine and Kirchmair, 1963; Hofert et al., 1971; Kirchmair and Heine, 1967; Schmidt, 1966; Wilmore et al., 1969). Major operations of the intestinal tract in neonates were made possible only because of parenteral nutrition (Dudrick et al., 1970; Dudrick, 1971; Wilmore et al., 1969). Certainly it appears that parenteral nutrition will provide an important advance in the clinical management of a variety of newborn problems associated with caloric restriction.

Keywords

Premature Infant Parenteral Nutrition Essential Amino Acid Test Series Amino Acid Solution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Jürgens
    • 1
  • D. Dolif
    • 1
  • C. Panteliadis
    • 1
  • C. Hofert
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical DepartmentGeneral Hospital St. Georg and the Children’s Hospital BorgfeldeHamburgFederal Republic of Germany

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