Short-Term Memory Function in Alcohol Addicts During Intoxication

  • Nancy K. Mello
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 35)


Excessive alcohol use has been associated with several types of impaired memory function. These range from a severe persistent amnestic disorder, Wernicke’s Korsakoff Syndrome (3,24,29), to the transient global memory loss which may accompany heavy intoxication, i.e. the alcoholic “blackout” (6,7,22) and the fragmentary absence of recall of events during drinking which has been described as a dissociative state (8,12,13,20,27). The mechanisms accounting for these alcohol-induced memory impairments are unknown. Degree of intoxication does not reliably predict the onset of the profound memory loss described as the alcoholic blackout and comparable reports of hours or days of amnesia are a less prominent feature of heroin and barbiturate intoxication.


Memory Function Comparison Stimulus Delay Interval Sample Stimulus Blood Alcohol Level 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy K. Mello
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Alcohol ResearchNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism, NIMHUSA

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