An Outbreak of Arthrogryposis and Hydranencephaly Syndrome Affecting Calves in Israel: A Retrospective Epidemiological Study

  • Oded Markusfeld
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 27)


An outbreak of gross congenital malformations in cattle, sheep and goats appeared in Israel during the October 1969 — September 1970 season. These malformations were diagnosed as arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly. An estimated 4000 calves, representing about 4 percent of the total annual calving in Jewish-owned dairy herds in the country, were born with one or more of these malformations.


Index Case Cleft Palate Mouth Disease Bluetongue Virus Mouth Disease Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oded Markusfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.HahaklaitNahariyaIsrael

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