Fetal Membrane Adhesions and Congenital Malformations
A group of congenital malformations exists in which fibrous bands of amniotic origin are found to be attached to the malformed parts of the fetus or newborn; these bands are sometimes associated with amputations of fingers, toes or limbs. This type of malformation, which is called “Amniotic-band Syndrome”(1), is not rare. In 1968 Torpin (2) was able to collect about 400 cases from the literature and certainly others have been observed without having been reported. As long ago as 1775 Schaeffer (2) had provided a detailed description of this malformation, and from this period to date, several hundred papers and numerous monographs have been published (2), offering theories as to the etiology and pathogenesis of this disorder (3).
KeywordsUmbilical Cord Fibrous Band Posterior Limb Abdominal Hernia Facial Fissure
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