Comparative Aspects of Congestive Heart Failure in Dogs
A curious paradox in medical research is that animals are frequently employed for the experimental production of diseases and seldom for the observation of spontaneous disorders. In the production of experimental disease, it is seldom possible to duplicate the time course and complexity of spontaneous disease in the aging organism. Such experimental studies may be employed to test hypotheses, but are unlikely to suggest new or unsuspected etiological factors.
KeywordsCongestive Heart Failure Pulmonic Stenosis Aortic Valve Stenosis Chronic Congestive Heart Failure Heart Lesion
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