Drug Abuse pp 118-122 | Cite as

Patterns of Drug Abuse in Iran

  • K. W. Bash
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 20)


Drug dependence in Iran means almost exclusively dependence on opium and its derivatives, i.e. “shireh”, a decoction from opium residues, and heroin. Morphine is relatively little used, which may be attributed at least in part to intensive campaigns against morphine addiction instituted some fifteen years ago.


Drug Dependence Opium Poppy Bitive Price Heroin Addiction Poverty Group 
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    Azarakhsh, H.A.: Drug Addiction in Iran. Proceedings of the First Symposium on Addiction in Iran, ed. by M. Mahloudji. Shiraz 1963.Google Scholar
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    Bash, K. W., and J. Bash-Liechti: Psychiatrische Epidemiologie in Iran. Sitzungsberichte der Deutschen Gesellschaft füxr Psychiatrie und Nervenheilkunde. Zentralblatt für die gesamte Psychiatrie 201 (1971), 255–256.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fort, J.: Draft Report to WHO; 1963.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Government of Iran: Report to the United Nations for the Calendar year 1970 on the working of the International Treaties on Narcotic Drugs.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Moharreri, M. R.: Some Aspects of Drug Addiction in Iran. Report to WHO Expert Committee 1971 (unpublished).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. W. Bash
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-klinikBerneSwitzerland

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