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Properties and Functions of Intraneuronal Monoamine Compartments in Central Aminergic Neurons

  • J. Glowinski
Part of the Handbook of Psychopharmacology book series (HBKPS, volume 3)

Abstract

Norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), and serotonin (5-HT) are probably neurotransmitters at a number of important synapses in the central nervous system. The amines can be synthesized locally in the cell bodies, axons, and numerous varicosities or “synapses en passage” of aminergic neurons. According to estimates made on peripheral adrenergic neurons, which are probably similar for neurons in the CNS, the concentrations of transmitter in the terminal varicosities are very much higher (approximately 10,000 μg/g) than in the cell bodies (10–100 μg/g) or in the preterminal axons (10–1500 μg/g) (Norberg and Hamberger, 1964). These important differences in the intraneuronal distribution of the monoamines reveal the existence of several morphologically distinct “pools” or “compartments.” In addition, the amine localized in the synaptic varicosities, which are regularly spaced in the terminal arborizations of the axons, is the only form that can be liberated in response to nerve activity and is thus distinguished by a functional criterion from the other intraneuronal forms of monoamines.

Keywords

Tyrosine Hydroxylase Caudate Nucleus Storage Form Synaptic Terminal Noradrenergic Neuron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Glowinski
    • 1
  1. 1.Groupe NB (INSERM U.114)Collège de FranceParisFrance

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