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Mössbauer Spectrometry as an Instrumental Technique for Determinative Mineralogy

  • C. L. Herzenberg

Abstract

As a result of current availability of Mössbauer spectra for a large number of minerals, including examples from many of the important groups of rock-forming minerals, it is at present feasible in many cases to examine and interpret the Mössbauer spectra of rocks, sediments, soils, and other multiphase natural mineral aggregates. We have measured Mössbauer spectra for a considerable number of specimens of igneous rocks and in addition for samples of marine sediments, and a selection of such spectra are presented. Comparisons are made between the preliminary results of Mössbauer spectrometry on standard silicate rocks and data from chemical analyses and modal information from petrographic examinations. Further topics include total iron determinations, ferric-to-ferrous ratio measurements, improvement of petrographic modal information using Mössbauer spectrometry, identification of igneous rock types on the basis of Mössbauer spectral patterns, detection and identification of coarse-grained magnetite and hematite, with applications in the area of paleomagnetism, and the characteristics of Mössbauer spectra of marine sediments.

Keywords

Total Iron Rock Specimen Manganese Nodule Mossbauer Spectrometry Mossbauer Spectrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. L. Herzenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.IIT Research InstituteChicagoUSA

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