Ceramics in Advanced Energy Systems

  • J. R. Johnson
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 8)


In other sections, the present energy dilemma and the emerging need for energy worldwide have been described. There must be new energy sources, first to augment and then to replace the current fossil fuels. These must be developed in the near future if we are to have sufficient energy per capita in the next century to sustain an advanced civilization. The new undeveloped energy systems are called by names ranging from “alternative” to “exotic.” In addition, new fossil fuel systems, such as modern coal conversion plants, and some decentralization of electric power plants, will soon become energy effective and necessary. All of the new energy sources and systems require significant materials development and provide a major high priority technical challenge to the ceramic scientist and engineer. It is significant that the predicted energy shortfalls require energy use by mankind to be judicious in the next decades and the use of fossil energy to develop and practice the new energy systems must be considered most seriously from an energy effective point of view. Thus, the currently emerging period has elements of a bootstrap operation.


Energy System Fuel Element Uranium Oxide Ceramic Liner Zirconium Diboride 
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Additional Reading

  1. 1.
    U.S. Energy Outlook, National Petroleum Council, 1972, 1973.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U.S. Energy Prospects, National Academy of Engineering, 1974.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Energy Crisis, Today & Tomorrow, J.J. McKetta, Chem. Engr. Prog., Vol. 68, No. 10, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Materials and Man’s Needs, COSMAT Report, National Academy of Sciences, 1974.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Clean Fuels From Coal, F. C. Schora, Jr., Inst, of Gas Tech. Symposium, 1973.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hot Ceramic Electrodes for Open Cycle MHD Power Generation, D. B. Meadowcraft et al, Energy Conversion V. 12, p. 145–47, 1972.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    An Evaluation of Advanced Converter Reactors, USAEC, WASH 1087, 1969.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Summary, Topical Meeting....Controlled Nuclear Fusion, San Diego, April, 1974.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Power From Laser Fusion, Keith Bo. yer, Astronautics and Aeronautics, Vol. 11, No. 8, 44–49, August, 1973.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    The Blascon-An Exploding Pellet Fusion Reactor, A. P. Fraas, ORNL, TM-3231, 1971.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fusion Power by Laser Implosion, J. L. Emmet et al, Sci. Amer., June, 1974.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Materials Considerations for High Energy Density Batteries, H. J. Davis, Report given Canadian Ceramic Society, February, 1974.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Potential Applications for the Super Flywheel, D. W. Rabenhorst, Reprinted from 1971 Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference Proceedings, p. 38, August, 1971.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Research Laboratories, 3M Center3M CompanySt. PaulUSA

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