Wastes and Byproducts

  • W. B. Crandall
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 8)

Abstract

Ceramic products can often be made from raw materials taken directly from the earth without further refinement, requiring only mixing, forming and heat treating to produce a marketable item. The cost of these raw materials, used without modification, is small, and the market price of the products made from such unaltered raw materials is also relatively low. One would, therefore, conclude that a used (waste) low priced product of this type would find very little or no market, because it would have to compete with the new low priced product. Fortunately, this is not the case, and there is a place in the market for reprocessed ceramic products. Common bricks are a good example of a ceramic reused product of this type.

Keywords

Zinc Burning Clay Dust Foam 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Material Needs and the Environment Today and Tomorrow,’ Final Report to the National Commission on Materials Policy, June 1973.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Aleshin and M. A. Schwartz, “Techno-Economic Analysis of Mining and Milling Wastes,” IITRI Special Report on Project G6027 to U.S. Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Mines, May 29, 1969.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Aleshin, “Waste Utilization Project for Florida Phos-phate Slime,” IIT Research Institute contribution to IMC/FWQA-EPA Grant No. 14050EPU, Jan. 15, 1971.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    O. G. Fursman, J. E. Mauser, M. D. Butler, and W. A. Stickney, “Utilization of Red Mud Residues from Alumina Production,” Report of Investigation 7454, U.S. Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Mines, 1970.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. H. Nakamura and M. A. Schwartz, “Utilization of Mining and Milling Wastes,” IITRI Final Report to U. S. Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Mines, May 10, 1971.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Proceedings of the Mineral Waste Utilization Symposium,’ cosponsored by the U. S. Bureau of Mines and IIT Research Institute. First year, March 1968 Second year, March 1970. Third year, March 1972 Fourth year, March 1974Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Aleshin, “Utilization of Waste Byproducts - Part III, Product Development,” AFS Transaction V. 76, pp. 327–30, (1971).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. B. Crandall, “Advances in Reclamation Technology by High Temperature Incineration,” in Edgewood Arsenal Special Publication, EO-SP-73001; EASP 1800 - 16, Sept. 1973.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. H. Hough and H. T. Barr, “Possible Uses for Waste Rice Hulls,” Agricultural Experiment Station, Louisiana State University Bulletin No. 507, June 1956.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. D. Madkenzie, “Two Solid Wastes Equal one Useful Ceramic Product: Dried Manure and Crushed Glass,” presentation, 9-P-71P, West Coast American Ceramic Society Meeting, 1971.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. V. Webster and A. Dinsdale, “The Calcining and Grind-ing of Bone,” Research Paper 610, British Ceramic Research Association 68 (3), 111–117 (1969).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Jobling, “Effect of Calcining Conditions on Some Physical Properties of Calcined Bone,” Trans. Brit. Ceramic Society, 67 (11), 511–513 (1968).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. A. Bortz, W. B. Crandall, L. J. Lorenz, “An Urban Energy and Waste Reclamation System,” a concept from IIT Research Institute, May, 1974.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. B. Crandall
    • 1
  1. 1.IIT Research InstituteChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations