Observation of Electronic Spectra in Glass and Ceramic Surfaces

  • L. H. Slack
  • L. R. Durden
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 7)


ESCA, an acronym for Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis, is best described as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Electronic spectra, obtained from ESCA, provide information as to the kinds of atoms present, their valence state and coordination number as well as being a direct measure of the shape of the valence bond. Sampled depth varies from 4 Å, for heavy elements such as gold, to 100 Å for complex molecules such as lead stearate. The emission of electrons is strongly dependent on the difference between the energy of exciting radiation and the binding energy of the emitted electron. This technique has been reviewed by others1,2.


Stannic Oxide Calcium Molybdate Lead Stearate Cobalt Molybdate Amorphous Spectrum 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. H. Slack
    • 1
  • L. R. Durden
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Minerals EngineeringVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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