Slow Fracture of Glass in Alkanes and Other Liquids
Water is generally considered to be the environmental agent most detrimental to the long-time strength of glass; consequently, it is to be expected that water will produce the highest fracture velocities for a given loading in the slow fracture range. Charles and Hillig1 attribute this aqueous sensitivity to an autocatalized, stress-enhanced chemical corrosion of the glass network at the crack tip.
KeywordsStress Intensity Factor Slow Fracture Optical Retardation Surface Energy Reduction Bulk Dielectric Constant
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.R. J. Charles and W. B. Hillig, “The Kinetics of Glass Failure by Stress Corrosion”, in Symposium sur la résistance méchanique du verre et les moyens de l’améliorer, Florence, September 1961, Union Scientifique Continentale du Verre, Charleroi, Belgium, 1962.Google Scholar
- — Ceram. Abstr., 24 (1) 7 (1945).Google Scholar
- 4.C. L. Quackenbush and V. D. Fréchette, “Slow Fracture in Glass: I, Strain-Gradient Diffusion-Assisted Crack Propagation,” to be published.Google Scholar
- 6.V. P. Berdennikov, Physik Z. Sowjetunion 4, 397 (1933); English translation in Surface Energy of Solids, translated by V. D. Kuznetsov, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (London) (1957) pp. 224-34.Google Scholar
- 7.G. Hochstrasser and J. J. Courvoisier, “Detection of Dangling Bonds on the Surface of Silicon and Quartz by Electron Spin Resonance,” Helv. Phys. Acta., 39 (3) 189–91 (1966).Google Scholar
- 10.J. N. Goodier, “Mathematical Theory of Equilibrium Cracks,” pp. 1–66 in Fracture, an Advanced Treatise, Vol II, Mathematical Fundamentals, H. Liebowitz ed., Academic Press, New York (1968).Google Scholar
- 11.A. R. C. Westwood and R. D. Huntington, “Adsorption-Sensitive Flow and Fracture Behavior in Soda-Lime Glass,” Third Technical Report to O. N. R., Office of Naval Research, Contract Number N 00014-70-C-0330 NR-032-524, June 1971 Research Institute for Advanced Studies, Martin Marietta Corp. 1450 S. Rolling Road, Baltimore, Md. 21227.Google Scholar
- 12.V. V. Panasyuk and S. E. Kovchik, Soviet Physics-Doklady, 7 835 (1963).Google Scholar
- 14.V. D. Fréchette, C. L. Quackenbush and J. R. Varner, “A Tensile Device for the Study of Controlled Slow Fracture,” to be published.Google Scholar
- 15.P. C. Paris and G. C. Sih, “Stress Analysis of Cracks,” p. 30 in Fracture Toughness Testing and its Applications, A. S. T. M. Spec. Technical Publication No. 381, Am. Soc. Testing and Materials, 1916 Race St., Philadelphia, Pa. (1965).Google Scholar
- 16.C. L. Quackenbush and V. D. Fréchette, “Slow Fracture in Glass: II, A Mechanistic Interpretation,” to be published.Google Scholar