Grain Boundary Mobility in Anion Doped MgO

  • Cawas M. Kapadia
  • Martin H. Leipold
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 7)


Impurities are known to control the microstructure of ceramic materials. Impurities tend to reside at grain boundaries in ceramics, even in relatively high purity materials1,2. Extensive work on the role of cation impurities on the grain growth kinetics has been reported3. Anions in general have received little attention even though there are suggestions as to their importance in the literature. For example, fluoride additions significantly enhance the fabricability of MgO by hot pressing4. Ceramic surfaces, qualitatively similar to grain boundaries, show a strong affinity for gases (Cl2, F2, H2O)5,6. One reason for the lack of attention to anion impurities is the analytical problems involved in their detection; routine survey analyses are insensitive to their presence. However, studies have shown that they are present and often exist as a major impurity when cation impurities are reduced to 0.01% or less7. With the exception of water vapor8, few data are available concerning the influence of anions on grain growth in MgO.


Anneal Time Triple Point Vapor Transport Boundary Migration Porosity Level 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cawas M. Kapadia
    • 1
  • Martin H. Leipold
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials ScienceUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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