Surface Bioanalysis of Human Dental Enamel Using Infrared Internal Reflection Spectroscopy

  • David J. Krutchkoff
  • H. B. MarkJr.
Part of the Developments in Applied Spectroscopy book series (DAIS, volume 10)


Dental enamel is the hard, protective tissue that normally surfaces the crowns of vertebrate teeth. Although enamel is the hardest of living tissues, (roughly 97 per cent inorganic mineral) it is relatively easily degraded (demineralized) in acid. Extensive degradation produces cavitation with subsequent rapid destruction of underlying more vulnerable dentin and eventual tooth loss. The disease, dental caries (in vivo, tooth destruction by acid demineralization) is in fact responsible for virtually all premature tooth loss prior to age thirty.


Dental Caries Enamel Surface Calcium Fluoride Dental Enamel Refractive Index Dispersion 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Krutchkoff
    • 1
  • H. B. MarkJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Oral Pathology, Health Sciences CenterUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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