The Extra-Corporeal Ecology of Microsporidia

  • John Paul Kramer
Part of the Comparative Pathobiology book series (CPATH, volume 1)


The two environments of microsporidians are: (i) the intra-corporeal, formed by the tissues of the host in which these parasites grow and multiply; and (ii) the extra-corporeal, formed by all that surrounds these tissues. Whereas these two environments are intimately related and at times inseparable, I have attempted to separate them for the purpose of discussion. It would not be profitable nor even practicable to attempt to catalog all the known information that treats some aspect of the extra-corporeal ecology of microsporidians. Therefore, I have attempted to present a cohesive overview of the subject with some examples that illustrate specific points. To provide the reader with a sense of continuity, the discussion first centers around the process of dissemination and this is followed by a commentary on other facets of microsporidian life in the extra-corporeal environment. Recent reviews that relate in part to the topic at hand are those by Canning (1970) and Maddox (1973). Reviews by Putz and McLaughlin (1970) and Sindermann (1970) also contain some information that bears upon the extra-corporeal experience of spores.


Parasitoidal Wasp Corporeal Environment Terrestrial Insect Microsporidian Parasite Thin Portion 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paul Kramer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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