Cryogenic Thermal Stratification and Interfacial Phenomena for Heated Tanks During Prolonged Orbital Flight
In the U. S. space program, prolonged storage of subcritical liquid cryogens during orbital coast will be necessary for most of the space missions currently envisioned. An understanding of liquid thermal stratification, interface heat and mass transfer, and ullage pressure variation, with and without helium pressurant, is required for the design of long-term storage vessels and control systems.
KeywordsHeat Transfer Coefficient Thermal Boundary Layer Thermal Stratification Interfacial Phenomenon Wall Heat Flux
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