Concentric Pulse Tube Analysis and Design

  • R. A. Lechner
  • R. A. Ackermann
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 18)


The original pulse tube investigations by Gifford and Longsworth [1] showed that pulse tube refrigeration provides a practical method for achieving low temperatures through a heat transfer phenomenon described as surface heat pumping. Their work led to a physical interpretation of the phenomenon and established the Fourier number as the critical parameter.


Slug Flow Bottom Temperature Pulse Tube Porous Plug OFHC Copper 
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  1. 1.
    W. E. Gifford and R. C. Longsworth, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 11, Springer Science+Business Media New York (1966), p. 171.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. A. Ackermann, “Investigation of Gifford-McMahon Cycle and Pulse Tube Cryogenic Refrigerators,” Research and Development Tech. Rept. ECOM-3245, U. S. Army Electronics Command, Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey, March 1970.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. C. Longsworth, Ph.D. Dissertation, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York (1966).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. A. Lechner, “Investigation of Regenerators and Pulse Tube Cryogenic Coolers,” Research and Development Tech. Rept., ECOM-3409, U.S. Army Electronics Command, Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey, May 1971.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Lechner
    • 1
  • R. A. Ackermann
    • 2
  1. 1.United States Army Electronics CommandFort MonmouthUSA
  2. 2.Cryomech, Inc.JamesvilleUSA

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