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Explosive Boiling of Liquefied Hydrocarbon/Water Systems

  • T. Enger
  • D. E. Hartman
  • E. V. Seymour
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 18)

Abstract

Over the last fifteen years several instances have been reported of violent interactions occurring during spills of liquefied natural gas (LNG) onto water. Most of these happened some time following initiation of spilling, after ice had formed on the water. The phenomenon was usually attributed to explosive vaporization of LNG encapsulated in ice.

Keywords

Homogeneous Nucleation Ambient Water Normal Boiling Point Boiling Liquid High Temperature Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    D. S. Burgess, J. N. Murphy, and M. G. Zabetakis “Hazards of LNG Spillage in Marine Transportation,” SRC Report No. S-4105, U. S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Feb. 1970).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Enger and D. E. Hartman, “LNG Spillage on Water. I. Exploratory Research on Rapid Phase Transformations,” Shell Pipe Line Corporation, Research and Development Laboratory, TPR No. No. 1–71 (Feb. 1971).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Enger and D. E. Hartman, “LNG Spillage on Water. II. Final Report on Rapid Phase Transformations,” Shell Pipe Line Corporation, Research and Development Laboratory, TPR No. 1–72 (Feb. 1972).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. E. Apfel, “Vapor Cavity Formation in Liquids,” NR-384–903, Technical Memorandum No. 62, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Feb. 1970).Google Scholar
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    V. P. Skripov and P. A. Pavlov, Teplofiz. Vysok. Temp., 8 (4): 833 (1970).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Becker and W. Döring, Annal. Physik, 24: 719 (1935).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Enger
    • 1
  • D. E. Hartman
    • 1
  • E. V. Seymour
    • 1
  1. 1.Shell Pipe Line CorporationHoustonUSA

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