Transfer Line Surge
Cryogenic liquids now flow through transfer lines which have been designed for many uses ranging from brain surgery to fueling rockets. Whether these transfer lines take the form of surgical cryoprobes or pipelines the size of water mains, they usually have in common one undesirable operating characteristic: a period of surging flow and pressure during cooldown. The magnitudes of some observed surge peaks are sufficient to concern users or designers of transfer lines, couplings, flow instruments, and vents. This paper presents an experimental and theoretical study of transfer line cooldown surging.
KeywordsHeat Transfer Heat Transfer Rate Transfer Line Boiling Heat Transfer Driving Pressure
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