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Spark Ignition Parameters of Cryogenic Hydrogen in Oxygen and Nitrogen Mixtures

  • G. B. Yates
  • A. R. Perl
  • J. F. Loos
  • R. J. Sergeant
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 10)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an experimental program to determine the effect of cryogenic temperatures on spark ignition of hydrogen in oxygen and nitrogen mixtures. The parameters investigated are breakdown voltage, quenching distance, flammability limit, and spark ignition energy. Analytical methods for predicting values of most spark ignition parameters for engineering application are cumbersome. Very few data are available in the literature on ignition at cryogenic temperature. This experimental program is intended to supplement the literature data. Data are presented for gaseous mixtures at 180°R and 5, 14.75, and 40 psia. Since ignition and breakdown voltage are influenced by mechanical configuration and materials used in the test apparatus, several tests were conducted at standard conditions, 520°R and 14.75 psia, as a basis for data comparison.

Keywords

Breakdown Voltage Cryogenic Temperature Electrode Spacing Ignition Energy Flammability Limit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    J. D. Cobine, Gaseous Conductors, McGraw-Hill, New York (1941).Google Scholar
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    B. Lewis and G. Von Elbe, Combustion, Flames, and Explosions, Academic Press, New York (1951).Google Scholar
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    H. E. Rose and T. Priede, Ignition Phenomena in Hydrogen-Air Mixtures, Seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, Butterworths, Scientific Publications, London (1959).Google Scholar
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    H. F. Coward and G. W. Jones, “Limits of Flammability of Gases and Vapors,” Bull. 503, U.S. Bureau of Mines (1952).Google Scholar
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    I. R. King and H. F. Calcote, J. Chem. Phys. 23, No. 12 (December 1955).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. B. Yates
    • 1
  • A. R. Perl
    • 1
  • J. F. Loos
    • 2
  • R. J. Sergeant
    • 2
  1. 1.General Dynamics/AstronauticsSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.General Dynamics/ConvairSan DiegoUSA

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