Design and Application of a Gas Liquefier

  • T. W. Schaffers
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 3)


It is the purpose of this paper to describe the non-conventional design features of the Norelco gas liquefier which is based upon the principle of the Stirling cycle and the demonstrations of J. W. L. Kohler1 at the last conference. The Stirling cycle consists of two isothermal steps for compression and expansion and two isochors for cooling and reheating. A schematic and diagrammatic representation of the process in four phases is shown in Figure 1, illustrating the piston and displacer position at the beginning of each phase.


Distillation Column Expansion Chamber Instrument Panel Isothermal Step Compression Chamber 


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  1. 1.
    J. W. L. Kohler,Proceedings of the 1956 Cryogenic Engineering Conference, p. 243, Boulder, Colorado, September 1956.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, Inc., New York 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. W. Schaffers
    • 1
  1. 1.Philips Electronics, Inc.Mount VernonUSA

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