Thermal Oscillations in Low Temperature Apparatus

  • J. R. Clement
  • J. Gaffney
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 1)


The problem of spontaneous thermal oscillations in tubes leading from room temperature at one end to liquid helium temperature at the other is one of a good many years standing. Keesom1 has mentioned the effect and, more recently, Squire2 has noted a few physical characteristics of the phenomenon. Taconis3 has offered a qualitative explanation of these oscillations and Kramers4 has attempted to put this explanation on a quantitative basis using ordinary sound theory, with limited success. Kramers suggests that nonlinear effects occurring in vibrations of finite amplitude may have to be included.


Liquid Helium Naval Research Laboratory Finite Amplitude Liquid Helium Temperature Vacuum Space 
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  1. 1.
    W. H. Keesom, Helium, p. 174, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1942).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. F. Squire, Low Temperature Physics, p. 23, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York (1953).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. W. Taconis, J. J. M. Beenakker, A. O. C. Nier and L. T. Aldrich, Physica 15, 733 (1949). (See footnote on page 738.)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. A. Kramers, Physica 15, 971 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, Inc., New York 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Clement
    • 1
  • J. Gaffney
    • 1
  1. 1.United States Naval Research LaboratoryUSA

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