The Electromotor System of Torpedo as a Model Cholinergic System

  • V. P. Whittaker
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 24)


Textbooks of physiology in the latter part of the 19th century were not complete without an extensive chapter on the electric organs of electric fish, especially the best known ones, those of Torpedo spp. and Malopterurus, examples of bioelectricity par excellence. Beautiful monographs were also written at that time, notably one by the Berlin professor, Gustav Fritsch (13), in which the work of earlier authors was combined with many original observations to produce a surprising amount of detailed information on the histology, embryology and comparative anatomy of these species. The development of the electrocytes from myoblasts and therefore the close relationship between the neuromuscular junction and the electromotor synapse were understood as well as the available techniques permitted.


Synaptic Vesicle Specific Radioactivity Electric Organ Synaptic Vesicle Protein Vesicle Population 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. P. Whittaker
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of NeurochemistryMax-Planck-Institute for Biophysical ChemistryGöttingenFederal Republic of Germany

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