Advertisement

Changes in EEG Amplitude During Sleep with Age

  • I. Feinberg
  • S. Hibi
  • V. R. Carlson
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 23)

Abstract

The literature on changes in human sleep patterns with age was recently reviewed in detail (Feinberg, 1976). One of the sleep variables most sensitive to age is the amplitude of the electroencephalogram (EEG), especially that of the phase of sleep characterized by dense, high-voltage slow (delta) waves (stages 3 & 4 in the Dement and Kleitman (1957) classification system). Here we shall present hitherto unpublished data which illustrate the increase in EEG amplitude during infancy and its decline during adolescence, the periods of most rapid change. In addition, we shall show that these and other effects of age on delta activity during sleep can be detected by computer analysis during periods of much slower change, even when the analysis is restricted to a narrow age range.

Keywords

Sleep Stage NREM Sleep Delta Activity Delta Wave Sleep Variable 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agnew, H.W., Jr. Integrator Analysis of the sleep electroencephalogram, Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophys. 34:391–397, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Church, M.W., March, J.D., Hibi, S., Benson, K., Cavness, C. and Feinberg, I. Changes in frequency and amplitude of delta activity during sleep. Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 39: 1–7, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Conel, J.L. The post-natal development of the human cerebral cortex. Vols. I-VII, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA., 1939-1963.Google Scholar
  4. Dement, W.C. and Kleitman, N. Cyclic variations in EEG during sleep and their relation to eye-movements, body motility, and dreaming. Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 9:673–690, 1957.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dreyfus-Brisac, C., Samson, D., Blanc, C. and Monod, N. L’electro-encephalogramme de 1’enfant normal de moins de 3 ans. Etudes neo-natal. 7:143–175, 1958.Google Scholar
  6. Feinberg, I. Changes in sleep cycle patterns with age. J. Psychiat. Res. 10:283–306, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Feinberg, I. Functional implications of changes in sleep physiology with age. In: Neurobiology of Aging, (Eds. R.D. Terry and S. Gershon), Raven Press, New York, pp. 23–41, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. Feinberg, I. and Carlson, V.R. Sleep variables as a function of age in man. Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 18:239–250, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Feinberg, I. and Evarts, E.V. Changing concepts of the function of sleep: discovery of intense brain activity during sleep calls for revision of hypotheses as to its function. Biol. Psychiat. 1:331–348, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Feinberg, I., Koreski, R.L. and Heller, N. EEG sleep patterns as a function of normal and pathological aging in man. J. Psychiat. Res. 5:104–144, 1967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Home, J.A. and Porter, J.M. Exercise and human sleep. Nature 256:573–575, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Home, J.A. and Porter, J.M. Time of day effects with standardized exercise upon subsequent sleep. Electroenceph. Clin. Neuro-physiol. 40:178–184, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Matousek, M. and Petersen, I. Frequency analysis of the EEG in normal children and adolescents. In: Automation of Clinical Electroencephalography, (Eds. P. Kellaway and I. Petersen), Raven Press, New York, pp. 75–143, 1973.Google Scholar
  14. Parmelee, A.H., Jr., Wenner, W.H., Akiyama, Y., Stern, E. and Flescher, J. Electroencephalography and brain maturation. In: Regional Development of the Brain in Early Life, (Ed. A. Minkowski), Blackwell: Oxford, pp. 459–476, 1967.Google Scholar
  15. Rechtschaffen, A. and Kales, A. (Eds.) A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring System for Sleep Stages of Human Subjects. Public Health Service, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1968.Google Scholar
  16. Webb, W.B. and Agnew, H.W., Jr. Sleep and waking in a time-free environment. Aerospace Med. 45:617–622, 1974.Google Scholar
  17. Zir, L. Mo, Smith, R.A. and Parker, D.C. Human growth hormone release in sleep: Effect of daytime exercise. J. Clin. Endocr. 32: 662–665, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Feinberg
    • 1
  • S. Hibi
    • 1
  • V. R. Carlson
    • 1
  1. 1.V. A. Hospital, San Francisco and Laboratory of PsychologyNIMHUSA

Personalised recommendations