Malnutrition and Early Environmental Experience: Possible Interactive Effects on Later Behavior

  • Seymour Levine
  • Sandra G. Wiener
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI)


The lack of adequate food supplies is a pressing problem for a considerable portion of the world’s population. However, as yet researchers have not been able to isolate the specific effects of malnutrition during the early developmental years on later human mental function. As Richardson notes in this volume, human malnutrition rarely occurs under circumstances which are not detrimental in many other ways. In order to attempt a more controlled investigation of the mechanisms which may be involved in the influence of early malnutrition on later behavior, many investigators have turned to animal models. Most of the studies on biochemical changes in the brain under conditions of early malnutrition have used animals for obvious reasons. There now exists an extensive literature on the effects of early malnutrition on biochemical, physiological, and behavioral processes in animals.


Open Field Maternal Behavior High Protein Diet Nutritional Rehabilitation Nutritional Deprivation 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seymour Levine
    • 1
  • Sandra G. Wiener
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA

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