Speculations on a Neural Substrate for Immediate Memory

  • Moshe Abeles
  • Yaakov Assaff
  • Yehezkel Gottlieb
  • Yehiel Hodis
  • Eilon Vaadia
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 15)


We carry with us a fairly detailed memory of the immediate past. In the course of time, a huge bulk of information passes through this memory, but only a fraction remains available for long periods. It is generally accepted that the memory of the near past is carried by the electric activity of the cerebral nerve cells. This assumption is based mainly on two arguments: (a) It is hard to conceive of any mechanism whereby stored information could be continuously modified to encompass an endless spectrum of variations except by electrical activity. (b) Any major disturbance of the electrical activity of the brain (such as electro-shock, hypoglycemic shock or concussion) disrupts the memory of events preceding the disturbance.


Firing Rate Stellate Cell Neural Substrate Primary Auditory Cortex Single Unit Recording 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    ABELES, M. A Journey Into the Brain. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Signal Analysis and Pattern Recognition in Biomedical Engineering. Technion, Israel. In press, 1974.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ABELES, M. & GOLDSTEIN, M.H. JR. Brain Res. 42:337, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    GACEK, R.R. & RASMUSSEN, G.L. Anat. Rec. 139:455, 1961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    GERSTEIN, G.L. & KIANG, N.Y-S. Exp. Neurol. 10:1, 1964.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    GOLDSTEIN, M.H. JR., HALL, J.L. & BUTTERFIELD, B.O. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 43:444, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    GOTTLIEB, Y. Recording the activity of neuron pairs and of slow waves in the cortex of the cat. M.Sc. thesis submitted to the Hebrew University, 1971 (In Hebrew).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    HEBB, D.O. The Organization of Behaviour. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., p. 60, 1949.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    IVERSEN, S.D. Brain lesions and memory in animals. In: The Physiological Basis of Memory. (J.A. Deutsch, ed.) Academic Press, p. 305, 1973.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    LORENTE DE NÓ, R. Cerebral cortex: architecutre, intracortical connections, motor projections. In: Physiology of the Nervous System, 3rd ed. (Fulton, J.F., ed.) Oxford University Press, p. 288, 1949.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    POLYAK, S. The vertebrate visual system. University of Chicago Press, p. 300, 1957.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    SHOLL, D.A. The organization of the cerebral cortex. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1956.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    SOUSA-PINTO, A. Adv. Anat. Embriol. & Cell Biol.48, Fasc. 2: 1, 1973.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    VAADIA, E. Detection and identification of action potentials in the cat cortex. M.Sc. thesis submitted to the Hebrew University, 1971 (In Hebrew).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    WARRINGTON, E.K. & WEISKRANTZ, L. An analysis of short term and long term memory defects in man. In: The physiological basis of memory (J.A. Deutsch, ed.). Academic Press, p. 365, 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moshe Abeles
    • 1
  • Yaakov Assaff
    • 1
  • Yehezkel Gottlieb
    • 1
  • Yehiel Hodis
    • 1
  • Eilon Vaadia
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyHebrew University - Hadassah Medical SchoolJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations