Male Dominance and Aggression in Japanese Macaque Reproduction
Dominant males have been reported to mate more frequently than lower-ranking males in multimale troops of baboons (DeVore, 1965), rhesus monkeys (Carpenter, 1942; Kaufman, 1965), and Japanese macaques (Tokuda, 1961–2; Hanby et al., 1971). Such behavior would appear to have selective advantages for fostering genetic traits that contribute to the phenotype of high-ranking males, e.g., perhaps a low threshold for instituting attack, a high tolerance of pain, and a high social intelligence. However, Rowell (1966) has argued that dominance in caged baboons is a social construct that is maintained by the behavior of lower-ranking animals and that female primate sexual receptivity is not necessarily related to ovulation. Therefore, she concluded it would be difficult for traits that contribute to dominance to be selected through reproductive success.
KeywordsJapanese Macaque Dominance Rank Dominant Male Japanese Monkey Papio Ursinus
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