The Effects of Drugs and Electrical Stimulation of the Brain on Memory Storage Processes

  • James L. McGaugh
  • Paul E. Gold
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 10)


The ultimate goal of studies of the neurobiology of memory is to understand how the nervous system processes, stores, and utilizes information. The problem is not one simply of determining the mechanism underlying the neural trace of an experience. We need to know how such traces are produced, where they occur and how they are used when required to control learned behavior. The neuronal basis of memory is undoubtedly highly complex. When new information is acquired many brain systems are probably involved. The particular neuroanatomical and neurochemical systems activated by any new experience will depend upon the type of information to be stored. Visual information, for example, will probably involve at least some neuronal systems and specific cells that are different from those involved in auditory information. Consequently, it does not seem likely that there are unique neuroanatomical systems or unique neurochemical systems that store many different types of memories. But, it may be that some brain systems are involved in certain processes which promote the storage of most if not all information. Thus, although it may not be possible to locate specific “engrains” it should be possible to locate the neural systems which are involved in the processing and storing of information and, eventually, to understand the anatomical interactions and neurochemical bases of such systems.


Electrical Stimulation Memory Storage Retrograde Amnesia Inhibitory Avoidance Cortical Stimulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. McGaugh
    • 1
  • Paul E. Gold
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychobiologyUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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