Insect Immunity to Parasitic Nematodes
Immune or defense reactions by insects to parasitic nematodes was discussed by Salt (1963) and later reviewed by Poinar (1969). No attempt will be made here to discuss the works already cited by these authors. The purpose of this paper is to present some original findings on this subject, review the different types of immune responses produced by insects to nematodes, and to discuss current literature in the field. The definitions of immune responses in insects as related to host escape, cellular responses, melanization, and humoral responses are similar to those presented earlier (Poinar, 1969).
KeywordsParasitic Nematode Musca Domestica Culex Pipiens Insect Immunity Infective Stage Juvenile
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