Advertisement

The Tyrrhenian Sea and Adjoining Regions

  • M. Boccaletti
  • P. Manetti

Abstract

The Tyrrhenian Sea, in the central Mediterranean area, is bounded on the northern and eastern sides by the Italian Peninsula, and on the western and southern sides by the Ligurian Sea, Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. It covers a triangular area of 231,000 km2 (Carter et al., 1972) and reaches a maximum depth of 3620 m (Selli, 1970a). The Tyrrhenian Sea is widely open toward the western Mediterranean. Structurally the Tyrrhenian Sea may be divided into two sections: a smaller, northern area lying behind the northern Apennines,* and a larger, southern basin backing on the Sicilian-Calabrian Arc and the southern Apennines.

Keywords

Marginal Basin Paleomagnetic Data Italian Peninsula Adjoin Region Anticlockwise Rotation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbate, E., Bortolotti, Y., Passerini, P., Sagri, M., and Sestini, G., 1970, Development of the Northern Apennines Geosyncline, Sediment. Geol, v. 4 (314), p. 207–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Accordi, B., 1966, La componente traslativa nella tettonica dell’Appennino Laziale-Abruzzese, Geol. Romana, v. 5, p. 355–406.Google Scholar
  3. Allan, T. D., and Morelli, C., 1971, A geophysical study of the Mediterranean Sea, Boll. Geol. Teor. Appi, v. 13 (50), p. 99–141.Google Scholar
  4. Alvarez, W., 1972, Rotation of the Corsica-Sardinia Microplate, Nature Phys. Sci, v, 235, p. 103–105.Google Scholar
  5. Alvarez, W., 1974, Sardinia and Corsica: one microplate or two? in: Paleogeografia del Terziario Sardo nelVAmbito del Mediterraneo Occidentale, Cagliari, 23–27 July, 1973, Rend. Semin. Fac. Sci. Univ. Cagliari, Suppl., v. 43, p. 1–4.Google Scholar
  6. Alvarez, W., and Cocozza, T., 1974, The tectonics of central-eastern Sardinia and the possible continuation of the Alpine Chain to the South of Corsica, in: Paleogeografia del Terziario Sardo nell’Ambito del Mediterraneo Occidentale, Cagliari, 23–27 Juli, 1973, Rend. Semin. Fac. Sci. Univ. Cagliari, Suppl., v. 43, p. 5–34.Google Scholar
  7. Alvarez, W., Cocozza, T., and Wezel, F. C., 1974, Fragmentation of the Alpine orogenetic belt by microplate dispersal, Nature, v. 248, p. 309–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Argand, E., 1922, La téctonique de l’Asie, 3rd Int. Geol. Congr, Liège, v. 1, p. 171–372.Google Scholar
  9. Ashworth, T. P., and Nairn, A. E. M., 1964, An anomalous Permian pole from Corsica, Paleogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol, v. 1, p. 119–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Baldacci, F., Elter, P., Giannini, E., Giglia, G., Lazzarotto, R., Nardi, R., and Tongiorgi, M., 1967, Nuove interpretazioni sul problema della Falda Toscana e sulla interpretazione dei flysch arenacei tipo “Macigno” dell’Appennino Settentrionale, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 11, p. 367–390.Google Scholar
  11. Barberi, F., Borsi, S., Ferrara, G., and Innocenti, F., 1967, Contributo alla conoscenza vulcanologica e magmatologica delle Isole dell’Arcipelago Pontino, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 4, p. 581–606.Google Scholar
  12. Barberi, F., Borsi, S., Ferrara, G., and Innocenti, F., 1969, Strontium isotopie composition of some recent basic volcanites of the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea and Sicily Channel, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol, v. 23, p. 157–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Barberi, F., Innocenti, F., and Ricci, C. A., 1971, Il magmatismo nell’Appennino Centro Settentrionale, Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol, v. 37 (Special Paper), p. 169–210.Google Scholar
  14. Barberi, F., Gasparini, P., Innocenti, F., and Villari, L., 1973, Volcanism of the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea and its geodynamic implications, J. Geophys. Res, v. 78, p. 5221–5232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Barberi, F., Innocenti, F., Ferrara, G., Keller, J., and Villari, L., 1974a, Evolution of Eolian Arc volcanism (Southern Tyrrhenian Sea), Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 21, p. 269–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Barberi, F., Innocenti, F., Marinelli, G., and Mazzuoli, R., 1974c, Vulcanismo e tettonica a placete: esempi nell’area mediterranea, 67 Congr. Soc. Geol. Ital., Parma, 27–31 October 1974, in: Vitalia nelV Ambito dell’Evoluzione del Mediterraneo, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, Suppl., 89 p.Google Scholar
  17. Barberi, F., Bizouard, H., Capaldi, G., Ferrara, G., Gasparini, P., Innocenti, F., Joron, J. L., Lambret, B., Treuil, M., and Allègre, 1978, Age and nature of basalts from the Tyrrhenian Abyssal Plain, in: Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ryan, W. B. F., Hsü, K. J., Et al, Eds., Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  18. Bartolini, C., De Giuli, C., and Gianelli, G., 1974, Turbidites of the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 93, p. 3–22.Google Scholar
  19. Basilone, P., and Civetta, L., 1975, Datazione K-Ar dell’attività vulcanica dei Mt. Ernici (Latina), Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol, v. 31, p. 175–179.Google Scholar
  20. Bemmelen, R. W. Van, 1969, Origin of Western Mediterranean Sea, Verh. Kon. Ned. Geol. Mijnb, v. 51, p. 548–573.Google Scholar
  21. Bigazzi, G., and Bonadonna, F. P., 1973, Fission track dating of the obsidian of Lipari Island (Italy), Nature, v. 242, p. 322–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Bini, C., Faraone, D., and Giaquinto, S., 1973, Isola di Vulcano: le latiti di Vulcanello, Per. Minerai, v. 42, p. 535–581.Google Scholar
  23. Bobier, C., and Coulon, C., 1970, Résultats préliminaires d’une étude paféomagnétique des formations volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires du Logudoro (Sardaigne Septentrionale), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, v. 270, p. 1434–1437.Google Scholar
  24. Boccaletti, M., and Guazzone, G., 1970, La migrazione terziaria dei bacini toscani e la rotazione dell’Appennino Settentrionale in una “zona di torsione” per deriva continentale, Mem. Soc. Geol Ital, v. 9, p. 177–195.Google Scholar
  25. Boccaletti, M., and Guazzone, G., 1972, Gli archi appenninici, il Mar Ligure ed il Tirreno nel quadro della tettonica dei bacini marginali retroarco, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 11, p. 201–216.Google Scholar
  26. Boccaletti, M., and Guazzone, G., 1974a, Remnant areas and marginal basins in the Cainozoic development of the Mediterranean, Nature, v. 252, p. 18–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Boccaletti, M., and Guazzone, G., 19746, Plate tectonics in the Mediterranean Region, in: Geology of Italy Squyres, C., ed., Tripoli: Petrol. Soc. Expl. Lybia 23 p.Google Scholar
  28. Boccaletti, M., Elter, P., and Guazzone, G., 1971, Plate tectonic models for the development of the Western Alps and Northern Apennines, Nature Phys. Sci, v. 234, p. 108–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Boccaletti, M., Guazzone, G., and Manetti, P., 1974, Evoluzione paleografica e geodinamica del Mediterraneo: I Bacini marginali, in: L’Italia nell’Ambito dell’Evoluzione del Mediterraneo, 67th Congr. Soc. Geol. Ital., Parma, 27–31 October, 1974, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, Suppl.Google Scholar
  30. Borsi, S., 1967, Contributo alla conoscenza dell’età e della origine magmatica del vulcanismo dell’Isola di Capraia (Arcipelago toscano), Atti Soc. Toscana Sci. Nat, v. 74, p. 232–243.Google Scholar
  31. Borsi, S., Ferrara, G., and Tongiorgi, E., 1967, Determinazione con il metodo K/Ar della età delle rocce magmatiche della Toscana, Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 86, p. 403–410.Google Scholar
  32. Bousquet, S. C., 1973, La téctonique récente de l’Apennin Calabro-Lucarien dans son cadre géologique et géophysique, Geol. Romanica, v. 12, p. 1–103.Google Scholar
  33. Caire, A., Glangeaud, L., and Grandjacquet, C., 1961, Les grands traits structuraux et l’évolution du territoire calabro-sicilien (Italie méridionale), Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr, Ser. 7, v. 2, p. 915–938.Google Scholar
  34. Caputo, M., and Postpischl, D., 1973, Carta della sismicità (epicentri dal 1900 al 1970), in: Modello Strutturale d’Italia, Scala 7/1,000,000, Rome: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche.Google Scholar
  35. Caputo, M., Panza, G. F., and Postpischl, D., 1970, Deep structure of the Mediterranean Basin, /. Geophys. Res, 75: 4919–4923.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Caputo, M., Panza, G. F., and Postpischl, D., 1972, New evidence about the deep structure of the Lipari arc, Tectonophysics, v. 15, p. 219–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Carey, S. W., 1955, The orocline concept in geotectonics, Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania, v. 89, p. 255–288.Google Scholar
  38. Carter, T. G., Flanagan, J. P., Jones, C. R., Marchant, F. L., Murchison, R. R., Rebman, J. H., Sylvester, J. C., and Whitney, J. C., 1972, A new bathymétrie chart and physiography of the Mediterranean Sea, in: The Mediterranean Sea: A Natural Sedimentation Laboratory, Stanley, D. J., ed., Pennsylvania: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, p. 1–23.Google Scholar
  39. Chabrier, G., 1970, Téctonique de socle d’âge alpin en Sardaigne centro-orientale, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, v. 271, p. 1251–1255.Google Scholar
  40. Channel, J. E. T., and Tarling, D. H., 1975, Palaeomagnetism and the rotation of Italy, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 25, p. 177–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Charnock, H., Rees, A. I., and Hamilton, N., 1972, Sedimentation in the Tyrrhenian, in: The Mediterranean Sea: A Natural Sedimentation Laboratory, Stanley, D. J., ed., Pennsylvania: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, p. 615–629.Google Scholar
  42. Civetta, L., Gasparini, P., and Adams, A. S., 1970, Geochronology and geochemical trends of volcanic rocks from Campania, S. Italy, Eclogae Geol. Helv, v. 63 /1, p. 57–68.Google Scholar
  43. Cocozza, T., Jacobacci, A., Nardi, R., and Salvadori, I., 1974, Schema stratigrafico-strutturale del massiccio sardo-corso e minerogenesi della Sardegna, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 13, p. 85–186.Google Scholar
  44. Colombi, B., Giese, P., Luongo, G., Morelli, C., Riuscetti, M., Scarascia, S., Schutte, K. G., Strowald, J., and De Visintini, G., 1973, Preliminary report on the seismic refraction profile Gargano-Salerno-Palermo-Pantelleria (1971), Boll. Geofis. Teor. Appi, v. 15 (59), p. 225–254.Google Scholar
  45. Coulon, C., 1974, Données géochronologiques, géochimiques et paléomagnétisme sur le volcanisme cenozoique calco-alcalin de la Sardaigne nord-occidentale. Le problème de la derive de la Sardaigne, in: Paleogeografia del Terziario Sardo nell’Ambito del Mediterraneo Occidentale, Cagliari, 23–27 Juli, 1973, Rend. Semin. Fac. Sci. Univ. Cagliari, Suppl., v. 43, p. 163–169.Google Scholar
  46. Dallan Nardi, L., and Nardi, R., 1974, Schema stratigrafico e strutturale dell’Appennino Settentrionale. Mem. Accad. Lunigianese Sci. “G. Capellini,” v. 42, p. 1–212.Google Scholar
  47. Dallan Nardi, L., Elter, P., and Nardi, R., 1971, Considerazioni sull’arco dell’Appennino Settentrionale e sulla “linea” Ancona-Anzio, Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 90, p. 203–211.Google Scholar
  48. Dal Piaz, G. V., 1974, Le métamorphisme de haute pression et basse température dans l’évolution structurale du bassin ophiolitique alpino-apenninique (lere partie: considérations paléogéographiques), Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 93, p. 437–468.Google Scholar
  49. D’Argenio, B., 1970, Evoluzione geotettonica comparata tra alcune piattaforme carbonatiche dei Mediterranei Europeo e Americano. Atti Acad. Pontaniana Napoli, v. 20, 34 p.Google Scholar
  50. D’Argenio, B., Pescatore, T., and Scandone, P., 1973, Schema geologico dell’Appennino meridionale (Campania e Lucania), in: Atti del Convegno sul Tema: Moderne Vedute sulla Geologia dell’Appennino, Rome, 16–18 February, 1972, Accad. Naz. Lincei, Quaderno no. 183, p. 49–81.Google Scholar
  51. De Jong, K. A., Manzoni, M., and Zijderveld, J. D., 1969, Palaeomagnetism of the Alghero Trachyandesites. Nature, v. 224, p. 67–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. De Jong, K. A., Manzoni, M., Stavenga, T., Van Dijk, F., Van der Voo, R., and Zijderveld, J. D. A., 1973, Palaeomagnetic evidence for rotation of Sardinia during the Early Miocene, Nature, v. 243, p. 281–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Del Monte, M., 1972, Il vulcanismo del Mar Tirreno; nota preliminare sui vulcani Marsili e Palinuro, Giorn. Geol, v. 38, p. 231–252.Google Scholar
  54. Dercourt, J., 1970, L’expansion océanique actuelle et fossile; ses implications géotectoniques. Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr, v. 12, p. 261–317.Google Scholar
  55. Devoto, G., and Praturlon, A., 1973, L’Appennino Centrale, in: Atti del Convegno sul tema: Moderne vedute sulla geologia dell’Appennino, Rome, 16–18 February, 1972, Accad. Naz. Lincei, Quaderno no. 183, p. 83–95.Google Scholar
  56. Dewey, J. F., Pitman HI, W. C., Ryan, W. B. F., and Bonnin, J., 1973, Plate tectonics and the evolution of the Alpine system, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer, v. 84, p. 3137–3180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Dickinson, W. R., 1972, Evidence for plate-tectonic regimes in the rock record, Amer. J. Sci, v. 272, p. 577–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Dieni, I., and Massari, F., 1970, Tettogenesi gravitativa di età oligocenica della Sardegna centro-orientale. Nota preliminare, Boll. Soc. Geol. It al, v. 89, p. 57–64.Google Scholar
  59. Dietrich, D., and Scandone, P., 1972, The position of the Basic and Ultrabasic Rocks in the Tectonic Units of the Southern Apennines, Atti Accad. Pontaniana Napoli, v. 21, 15 p.Google Scholar
  60. Dietrich, V., Vuagnat, M., and Bertrand, J., 1974, Alpine metamorphism of maphic rocks, Mitt. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr, v. 54, p. 291–332.Google Scholar
  61. Di Paola, G. M., Puxeddu, M., and Santacroce, R., 1975, K-Ar Ages of Monte Arci volcanic complex (Central-Western Sardinia), Rend. Soc. Ital., Mineral. Petrol, v. 31, p. 181–190.Google Scholar
  62. Dubois, R., 1970, Phases de serrage, nappes de socle et métamorphisme alpin à la jonction Calabre-Apennin: la suture calabro-appenninique. Rev. Géogr. Phys. Géol. Dyn, v. 12, p. 221–254.Google Scholar
  63. Elter, G., Elter, P., Sturani, C., and Weidmann, M., 1966, Sur la prolongation du domaine ligure de VApennin dans le Monferrat et les Alpes et sur l’origine de la Nappe de la Simme sl. des Préalpes romandes et chablaisiennes, Arch. Sci. Genève, v. 19, p. 279–377.Google Scholar
  64. Elter, P., and Pertusati, P., 1973, Considerazioni sul limite Alpi-Appennino e sulle relazioni con l’arco delle Alpi Occidentali, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 12, p. 339–375.Google Scholar
  65. Emelyanov, E. M., 1972, Principal types of recent bottom sediments in the Mediterranean Sea: their mineralogy and geochemistry, in: The Mediterranean Sea: A Natural Sedimentation Laboratory, Stanley, D. J., ed., Pennsylvania: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, p. 355–399.Google Scholar
  66. Erickson, A. J., 1970, Heat-flow measurements in the Mediterranean, Black and Red Seas, Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, M. I. T., Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  67. Ernst, W. G., 1971, Metamorphic zonations on presumably subduced lithospheric plates from Japan, California and the Alpes, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol, v. 34, p. 43–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Evernden, J. F., and Curtis, G. H., 1965, The potassium-argon dating of Late Cenozoic Rocks in East Africa and Italy, Curr. Anthropolv. 6, p. 343–364.Google Scholar
  69. Ewing, J., and Ewing, M., 1959, Seismic refraction measurements in the Atlantic Ocean basins, in: The Mediterranean Sea, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer, v. 70, p. 291–305.Google Scholar
  70. Fahlquist, D. A., and Hersey, J. B., 1969, Seismic refraction measurements in the western Mediterranean Sea, Bull. Inst. Océanogr. Monaco, v. 67, 52 p.Google Scholar
  71. Fierro, G., and Passega, R., 1965, Studio sedimentologico di 32 carote prelevate nel Nord Tirreno, Atti 24° Convegno della Ass. Geofis. Ital, Rome, 8–20 February, 1965, p. 1–12.Google Scholar
  72. Finetti, I., and Morelli, C., 1972, Wide scale digital seismic exploration of the Mediterranean Sea, Boll. Geofis. Teor. Appi, v. 14, p. 291–342.Google Scholar
  73. Finetti, I., and Morelli, C., 1973, Geophysical Exploration of the Mediterranean Sea, Boll. Geofis. Teor. Appi, v. 15, p. 263–342.Google Scholar
  74. Franzini, M., 1964, Studio mineralogico e litologico dell’Isola di Capraia, Atti Soc. Toscana Sci. Nat, v. 71, p. 326–386.Google Scholar
  75. Frazer, J. Z., Arrhenius, G., Hanor, J. S., and Hawkins, D. L., 1970, Surface sediment distribution; Mediterranean Sea, Scripps Inst. Oceanogr., Defense Language Inst., Syst. Develop. Agency, Presidio of Monterey, California, 8 p.Google Scholar
  76. Friedman, G. M., 1973, Petrographic data and comments on the depositional environment of the Miocene sulfates and dolomites at Sites 124, 132, and 134, Western Mediterranean Sea, in: Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ryan, W. B. F., Hsu, K. J., Et al, eds., Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, v. 13, p. 695–708.Google Scholar
  77. Gasparini, P., and Adams, J. A. S., 1969, K/Ar dating of Italian plio-pleistocene volcanic rocks, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 6, p. 225–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Giese, P., and Morelli, C., 1973, La struttura della crosta terrestre in Italia, in: Atti Convegno sul Tema: Moderne Vedute sulla Geologia dell’Appennino, Rome, 16–18 February, 1972, Accad. Naz. Lincei, Quaderno No. 183, p. 317–366.Google Scholar
  79. Giglia, G., 1974, L’insieme Corsica-Sardegna e i suoi rapporti con l’Appennino settentrionale: rassegna di dati cronologici e strutturali, in: Paleogeografia del Terziario Sardo nell’ambito del Mediterraneo Occidentale, Cagliari, 23–27 July, Rend. Semin. Fac. Sci. Univ. Cagliari, Suppl., v. 43, p. 245–275.Google Scholar
  80. Glangeaud, L., 1962, Paleogéographie dynamique de la Méditerranée et de ses bordures. Le ròle des phases Ponto-Plio-Quaternaires, in: Oceanographie Géologique et Géophysique de la Méditerranée Occidentale, Colloq. C.N.R.S. Ville/ranche, Aprii, 1961, p. 125–161.Google Scholar
  81. Haccard, D., Lorenz, C., and Grandjacquet, C., 1972, Essai sur l’évolution téctonogénetique de la Iiason Alps-Apennines (de la Ligurie à la Calabre), Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital., v. 11, p. 309–341.Google Scholar
  82. Heezen, B. C., Gray, C., Segre, A. G., and Zarudski, E. F. K., 1971, Evidence of foundered Continental crust beneath the Central Tyrrhenian Sea, Nature, v. 229, p. 327–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Herzen, R. P., von, and Lee, W. H. K., 1969, Heat flow in oceanic regions, in: The Earth’s Crust and Upper Mantle, Hart, P. J., ed., Amer. Geophys. Union Geophys. Monogr, v. 13, p. 88–95.Google Scholar
  84. Horai, K., and Uyeda, S., 1969, Terrestrial heat flow in volcanic areas, in: The Earth’s Crust and Upper Mantle, Hart, P. J., ed., Amer. Geophys. Union Geophys. Monogr, v. 13, p. 95–109.Google Scholar
  85. Hsü, K. J., Ryan, W. B. F., and Cita, M. B., 1973, Late Miocene desiccation of the Mediterranean, Nature, v. 242, p. 240–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Jakob, R., 1958, Zur petrographie von Vulcano, Vulcanello und Stromboli (Aeolische Inseln, Italien), Stiftung i Vulkaninstitut I. Friedlaender ’ Zurich, v. 7, p. 1–117.Google Scholar
  87. Karig, D. E., 1971, Origin and development of Marginal Basins in the Western Pacific, J. Geophys. Res, v. 76, p. 2542–2561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Keller, J., 1967, Alter und Abfolge der vulkanischen Ereignisse auf den Aeolischen Inseln, Sizilien, Ber. Naturf. Ges. Freiburg, v. 57, p. 33–67.Google Scholar
  89. Keller, J., 1974, Petrology of some volcanic rock series of the Aeolian Arc, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea: calc-alkaline and shoshonitic associations, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol, v. 46, p. 29–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Klerkx, J., Deutsch, S., Hertogen, J., De Winter, J., Gijbels, R., and Pichler, H., 1974, Comments on “Evolution of Eolian Arc volcanism (Southern Tyrrhenian Sea)” by F. Barberi, G. Ferrara, F. Innocenti, J. Keller, and L. Villari, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 23, p. 297–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Latter, J. H., 1971, Near-surface seismicity of Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Bull. Volcanol, v. 35, p. 117–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Laubscher, H. P., 1971, The large-scale kinematics of the Western Alps and the Northern Apennines and its palinspastic implications, Amer. J. Sci, v. 271, p. 193–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Lauro, C., 1973, Magmatismo terziario e recente, plutonico e vulcanico, della Italia peninsulare e moderne vedute sulla geologia dell’Appennino, in: Atti del Convegno sul Tema: Moderne Vedute sulla Geologia dell’Appennino, Rome, 16–18 February, 1972, Accad. Naz. Lincei, Quaderno No. 183, p. 251–271.Google Scholar
  94. Lenardon, G., 1969, Ricerche sedimentologiche e petrografiche su due carote prelevate dal fondo marino al largo di Napoli, Arch. Oceanogr. Limnol, v. 16, p. 129–161.Google Scholar
  95. Lloyd, R. M., and Hsü, K. J., 1972, Preliminary isotopie investigations of samples from Deep-Sea Drilling Cruise to the Mediterranean, in: The Mediterranean Sea: A Natural Sedimentation Laboratory, Stanley, D. J., ed., Pennsylvania: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, p. 681–686.Google Scholar
  96. Loddo, M., and Mongelli, F., 1974a, On the relation of heat flow to elevation in Western Mediterranean, Riv. Ital. Geofis, v. 23, p. 145–148.Google Scholar
  97. Loddo, M., and Mongelli, F., 19746, Tentativo di una mappa del flusso geotermico in Italia in: Vitalia nell’Ambito dell’Evoluzione del Mediterraneo, 67th Congr. Soc. Geol. Ital., Parma, 27–31 October, 1974, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital Suppl., p. 12.Google Scholar
  98. Lombardi, G., Nicoletti, M., Petrucciani, C., 1974, Età delle vulcaniti acide dei complessi Tolfetano, Cerite e Manziatte (Lazio nord-occidentale), Per. Minerai, v. 43, p. 351–375.Google Scholar
  99. Lowrie, W., and Alvarez, W., 1974, Rotation of the Italian Peninsula, Nature, v. 251, p. 285– 288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Maccarone, E., 1970, Notizie petrografiche e petrochimiche sulle lave sottomarine del Seamount 4 (Tirreno Sud), Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 89, p. 159–180.Google Scholar
  101. Manzoni, M., 1970, Paleomagnetic data of middle and upper Triassic age from the Dolomites (Eastern Alps, Italy), Tectonophysics, v. 10, p. 411–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Marinelli, G., 1961, Genesi e classificazione delle vulcaniti recenti toscane, Atti Soc. Toscana Sci. Nat, v. 68, p. 74–116.Google Scholar
  103. Marinelli, G., 1967, Genèse des magmas du volcanisme plio-quaternaire des Apennines, Geol. Rundschau, v. 57, p. 127–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Menard, H. W., 1967, Transitional types of crust under small ocean basins, J. Geophys. Res, v. 72, p. 3061–3073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Morelli, C., 1970, Physiography, gravity and magnetism of Tyrrhenian Sea, Boll. Geofis. Teor. Appi, v. 12 (48), p. 275–308.Google Scholar
  106. Morelli, C., and Finetti, I., 1974, Stato attuale delle conoscenze geofisiche nel Mediterraneo, in: L’Italia nell’Ambito dell’Evoluzione del Mediterraneo, 67th Congr. Soc. Geol. Ital., Parma, 27–31 October, 1974, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, Suppl., 28 p.Google Scholar
  107. Moskalenko, V. N., 1967, Structure of the sedimentary series in the Tyrrhenian Sea by seismic methods, Proc. Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R. Geol. Ser, v. 6, p. 49–56.Google Scholar
  108. Muratov, M. V., 1972, Formation history of the Black Sea abyssal basin and its comparison with some basins of the Mediterranean, Geotectonics, v. 5, p. 269–278.Google Scholar
  109. Nairn, A. E. M., and Westphal, M., 1968, Possible implications of the Late Palaeozoic igneous rocks of Northwestern Corsica, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol, v. 5, p. 179–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Napoleone, G., Premoli Silva, I., Roggenthen, W., and Fischer, A. G., 1974, An example of paleomagnetic stratigraphy from the Tethys, Eur. Geophys. Soc., 2nd Int. Meeting, Trieste, 20–26 September (Abstract).Google Scholar
  111. Nardi, R., 1968, Le unità alloctone della Corsica e loro correlazione con le unità delle Alpi e dell’Appennino, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 7, p. 323–344.Google Scholar
  112. Nesteroff, W. D., 1973, Mineralogy, petrography, distribution, and origin of the Messinian Mediterranean evaporites, in: Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ryan, W. B. F., Hsü, K. J., Et al, eds., Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, v. 13, p. 673–694.Google Scholar
  113. Nesteroff, W. D., Wezel, F. C., and Pautot, G., 1973, Summary of lithostratigraphic findings and problems, in: Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ryan, W. B. F., Hsli, K. J., Et al, eds., Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, v. 13, p. 1021–1040.Google Scholar
  114. Ninkovich, D., and Hays, J. D., 1971, Tectonic setting of the Mediterranean volcanoes, in: Acta 1st Int. Sci. Congr. Volcano ofThera, Athens, 15–23 September 1969, p. 111–135.Google Scholar
  115. Ninkovich, D., and Hays, J. D., 1972, Mediterranean island arcs and origin of high-potash volcanoes, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 16, p. 331–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Norin, E., 1958, The sediments of the Central Tyrrhenian sea, in: Reports of the Swedish Deep-Sea Expedition, v. 8, Sediment Cores from the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, Goteborg, Sweden: Elanders Bronryckerei Aktiebolag, p. 1–136.Google Scholar
  117. Ogniben, L., 1960, Nota illustrativa dello schema geologico della Sicilia nord-orientale, Riv. Min. Siciliana, v. 11, p. 183–212.Google Scholar
  118. Ogniben, L., 1969, Schema introduttivo alla geologia del confine Calabro lucano, Mem. Soc. Geol. hai, v. 8, p. 453–763.Google Scholar
  119. Ogniben, L., 1970, Paleotectonistic history of Sicily, in: Geology and History of Sicily, Alvarez, W., and Gohrbandt, H. A., eds., Tripoli: Petrol. Soc. Expl. Lybia, p. 133–143.Google Scholar
  120. Ogniben, L., 1973, Schema geologico della Calabria in base ai dati odierni, Geol. Romana, v. 12, p. 243–585.Google Scholar
  121. Ogniben, L., Martinis, B., Rossi, P. M., Fuganti, A., Pasquaré, G., Sturani, C., Nardi, R., Cocozza, T., Praturlon, A., Parotto, M., D’Argenio, B., Pescatore, T., Scandone, P., Vezzani, L., Agip-Mineraria, Finetti, I., Morelli, C., Caputo, M., Postpischl, D., and Giese, P., 1973, Modello strutturale d’Italia, Scala 1:1,000,000, Rome: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche.Google Scholar
  122. Oliver, J., Isacks, B., Barazangi, M., and Mitronovas, W., 1973, Dynamics of the Down-Going Lithosphere, Tectonophysics, Voi. 19, p. 133–147.Google Scholar
  123. Peterschmitt, E., 1956, Quelques données nouvelles sur les seismes profonds de la Mer Tyrrhénienne, Ann. Geofis, v. 9, p. 305–334.Google Scholar
  124. Pichler, H., 1967, Neue Erkenntnisse liber Art und Genese des Vulkanismus der Aeolischen Inseln (Sizilien), Geol. Rundschau, v. 57, p. 102–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Pieri, M., 1966, Tentativo di ricostruzione paleogeografico-strutturale dell’Italia centromeridionale. Geol. Romana, v. 5, p. 407–424.Google Scholar
  126. Premoli Silva, I., Napoleone, G., and Fischer, A. G., 1974, Risultati preliminari sulla stratigrafia paleomagnetica della Scaglia cretaceo-paleocenica della sezione di Gubbio (Appennino centrale), Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 93, p. 647–659.Google Scholar
  127. Ritsema, A. R., 1969, Seismic data of the West Mediterranean and the problem of oceanization, Verh. Kon. Ned. Geol. Mijnb. Gen, v. 26, p. 105–120.Google Scholar
  128. Ritsema, A. R., 1970, On plate tectonics in the Mediterranean Region, 1st Draft Paper E.S.C. Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  129. Romano, R., 1973, Le isole di Panarea e Basiluzzo. Contributo alla conoscenza geo–vulcanologica e magmatologica delle isole Eolie, Riv. Minerar. Siciliana, v. 24 (no. 139–141), p. 1–40.Google Scholar
  130. Romano, R., and Sturiale, C., 1971, L’isola di Ustica, Riv. Minerar. Siciliana, v. 12, p. 3–61.Google Scholar
  131. Ryan, W. B. F., Workum, F. Jr., and Hersey, J. B., 1965, Sediments on the Tyrrhenian Abyssal Plain, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer, v. 76, p. 1261–1282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Ryan, W. B. F., Stanley, D. J., Hersey, J. B., Fahlquist, D. A., and Allan, T. D., 1971, The tectonics and geology of the Mediterranean Sea, in: The Sea Maxwell, A. E., ed., New York: Wiley-Interscience, Vol. 4, p. 387–492.Google Scholar
  133. Sarnthein, M., and Bartolini, C., 1973, Grain size studies on turbidite components from Tyrrhenian deep–sea cores, Sedimentology, v. 20, p. 425–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Savelli, C., 1975, Datazioni preliminari col metodo K-Ar di vulcaniti della Sardegna sud-occidentale, Rend. Soc. hai. Mineral. Petrol, v. 31, p. 191–198.Google Scholar
  135. Savelli, C, and Pasini, G., 1974, Nota preliminare sull’età K/Ar di Basalti della Sardegna orientale e del Canyon sottomarino di Orosei (Mar Tirreno), in: Paleogeografia del Terziario Sardo nell’Ambito del Mediterraneo Occidentale, Cagliari, 23–27 July, 1973, Rend. Semin. Fac. Sci. Univ. Cagliari, Suppl., v. 43, p. 321–325.Google Scholar
  136. Scandone, P., 1972, Studi di geologia lucana: carta dei terreni della serie calcareo-siliceomarnosa e note illustrative, Boll. Soc. Nat. Napoli, v. 81, p. 225–299.Google Scholar
  137. Schult, A., 1973, Palaeomagnetism of Upper Cretaceous volcanic rocks in Sicily, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 19, p. 97–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Sclater, J. G., 1972, Heat flow and elevation of the marginal basins of the Western Pacific, J. Geophys. Res, v. 77, p. 5705–5719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Segre, A. G., 1955, Morphologie Sousmarine de la Mer Tyrrhénienne, Bull. Inform. Comité Central Océanogr. Étude Cotes, v. 8, p. 346–350.Google Scholar
  140. Selli, R., 1962, Il Paleogene nel quadro della geologia dell’Italia centro-meridionale, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 3, p. 737–789.Google Scholar
  141. Selli, R., 1910a Cenni morfologici generali sul Mar Tirreno, in: Ricerche Geologiche Preliminari nel Mar Tirreno Selli, R., ed., Giorn. Geol v. 37(1), p. 5–24.Google Scholar
  142. Selli, R., 19706, III. Profili magnetometrici in: Ricerche Geologiche Preliminari nel Mar Tirreno Selli, R., ed., Giorn. Geol v. 37(1), p. 43–54.Google Scholar
  143. Selli, R., 1970c, XIII. Discussione dei risultati e conclusioni, in: Ricerche Geologiche Preliminari nel Mar Tirreno, Selli, R., ed., Giorn. Geol, v. 37 (1), p. 43–54.Google Scholar
  144. Selli, R., 1974, Appunti sulla geologia del Mar Tirreno, in: Paleogeografia del Terziario Sardo nelVAmbito del Mediterraneo Occidentale, Cagliari, 23–27 July, 1973, Rend. Semin. Fac. Sci. Univ. Cagliari, Suppl., v. 43, p. 327–351.Google Scholar
  145. Selli, R., and Fabbri, A., 1971, Tyrrhenian: a Pliocene deep sea, Accad. Naz. Lincei Rend. Classe Sci. Fis. Mat. Nat, Ser 8, v. 50, p. 104–116.Google Scholar
  146. Smith, A. G., 1971, Alpine deformation and the oceanic areas of the Tethys, Mediterranean and Atlantic, Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer, v. 82, p. 2039–2070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Soffel, H., 1972, Anticlockwise rotation of Italy between Eocene and Miocene, Palaeomagnetic evidence, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 17, p. 207–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Soffel, H., 1974, Palaeomagnetism of the Tertiary Monti Lessini and Monti Berici Volcanites and its implication for the rotation of Northern Italy, Eur. Geophys. Soc., 2nd Int. Meeting, Trieste, 20–26 September (Abstract).Google Scholar
  149. Stanley, D. J., and Mutti, E., 1968, Sedimentological evidence for an emerged land mass in the Ligurian Sea during Palaeogene, Nature, v. 218, p. 32–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Storetvedt, K. M., 1973, Genesis of West Mediterranean Basins, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 21, p. 22–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Tomadin, L., 1970, VI. Mineralogia dei sedimenti politici, in: Ricerche Geologiche Preliminari nel Mar Tirreno, Selli, R., ed., Giorn. Geol, v. 37 (1), p. 89–108.Google Scholar
  152. Villari, L., 1972, L’isola di Filicudi ed il suo significato magmatologico, Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol, v. 38, p. 475–506.Google Scholar
  153. Vogt, P. R., Higgs, R. H., and Johnson, G. L., 1971, Hypotheses on the origin of the Mediterranean basin: magnetic data, J. Geophys. Res, v. 76, p. 3207–3228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Westphal, M., Bardon, C., Bossert, A., and Hamzeh, R., 1973, A computer fit of Corsica and Sardinia against Southern France, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v. 18, p. 137–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Wezel, F. C., 1970, Geologia del Flysch Numidico della Sicilia Nord-orientale, Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital, v. 9, p. 225–280.Google Scholar
  156. Zijderveld, J. D. A., De Jong, K. A., and Van der Voo, R., 1970a, Rotation of Sardinia: Paleomagnetic evidence from Permian rocks, Nature, v. 226, p. 933–934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Boccaletti
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Manetti
    • 3
  1. 1.Istituto di Geologia dell’UniversitàFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Centro di Geologia dell’AppenninoFlorenceItaly
  3. 3.Istituto di MineralogiaPetrografia e Geochimica dell’UniversitàFlorenceItaly

Personalised recommendations