The Dinaric and Aegean ARCS: Greece and the Aegean Sea

  • J. K. Melentis


The present high relief of Greece is primarily the result of Alpine folding. For most of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic, Greece formed part of the Tethys. Paleozoic rocks are known in a number of regions, both in the Aegean Islands and on the mainland. These rocks were affected by Caledonian and Hercynian tectonic movements to form a Hercynian landmass over which the Tethyan seas transgressed in the Triassic. The Caledonian and Hercynian craton is here referred to as the Rhodope Massif. Around it are disposed three arcs—the innermost, Pelagonic Arc, which is composed mainly of crystalline schists; a second, median arc, formed by extinct and active volcanoes; and the outermost, Dinaro-Tauric Arc. The Pindos Mountains form the backbone of the Dinaro-Tauric Arc and are considered as an extension of the Dinaric Mountains of Yugoslavia and Albania. In southern Crete the arc bends eastward and then northeastward to form the Taurus Mountains of Asia Minor.


Crystalline Schist Nodular Limestone Aegean Island Apulian Plate Vardar Zone 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. K. Melentis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geology and PaleontologyUniversity of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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