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The Black Sea and the Sea of Azov

  • David A. Ross

Abstract

The Black Sea is one of the world’s largest marginal seas, with an area of 432,000 km2 and a volume of 534,000 km3. Most of the basin is deeper than 2000 m (Fig. 1) and the maximum depth reached is 2206 m. It is connected by a narrow passage, the Kerch Strait, to the shallow Sea of Azov which has an area of about 37,500 km2 (excluding the Sivash or Putrid Sea) and a volume of about 470 km3. The average depth of the Sea of Azov is close to 12 m (Fig. 2). Sill depth between the two seas at the Kerch Strait is about 5 m. The Black Sea is connected to the Mediterranean Sea via the shallow Bosporus (sill depth about 50 m). The Sivash or Putrid Sea is a shallow area separated from the Sea of Azov by a 110-km-long sand bar called the Arabatskaya Strelka.

Keywords

Seismic Profile Abyssal Plain Mediterranean Water Emiliania Huxleyi Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Ross
    • 1
  1. 1.Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA

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