The Scandinavian Caledonides

  • Robin Nicholson


Almost the whole of the western edge of the landmass of Scandinavia is occupied by a 1700-km belt of deformed and sometimes metamorphosed rocks on which in the west lie a few isolated masses of relatively undeformed and completely unmetamorphosed Old Red Sandstone. The belt, shown in Fig. 1, where it contrasts with the undivided and unornamented autochthon on its east side, is subdivided in two ways. Firstly and fundamentally there is lateral division into elements running great lengths of the chain. These elements, the five zones of Fig. 1, are distinguished from one another by different rock assemblages as well as different levels of deformation and metamorphism. Boundaries between zones are not steep but gently dipping known, or presumed, thrust faults. Secondly, there is a division into Southern, Central, and Northern Caledonides over the late culminations of Grong and Rombak, which although very convenient for description are not as fundamental since the major zones appear to pass over them.


Fold Belt Baltic Shield Basal Gneiss Gneiss Dome Deformation Belt 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin Nicholson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyThe UniversityManchesterEngland

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