Advertisement

A Model for the North Atlantic

  • A. E. M. Nairn
  • F. G. Stehli

Abstract

Arbitrarily, but rather conventionally we have chosen to consider the North Atlantic as the region bounded by North America on the west and Europe and North Africa on the east, with the Arctic Circle and Tropic of Cancer as the northern and southern limits. These limits are only approximate, and where it has seemed appropriate regions extending beyond them have been considered, for instance, Greenland (Birkelund et al., this volume) and Scandinavia (Nicholson, this volume) both reach well beyond the Arctic Circle and coverage of West Africa (Dillon and Sougy, this volume) includes regions south of the Tropic of Cancer.

Keywords

Magnetic Anomaly Ocean Basin Continental Drift Ridge Axis North American Plate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bird, J. M. and Dewey, J. F., 1970, Lithosphere plate-continental margin tectonics and the evolution of Appalachian orogen: Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., v. 81, p. 1031–1060.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Birkelund, T., Bridgwater, D., Higgins, A. K., and Perch-Nielsen, K., 1974, An outline of the Geology of the Atlantic coast of Greenland, in: The Ocean Basins and Margins. 2. The North Atlantic, Nairn, A. E. M. and Stehli, F. G., eds.: Plenum Press, New York, Chap. 5.Google Scholar
  3. Bonatti, E. and Honnorez, J., 1971, Nonspreading crustal blocks at the mid-Atlantic ridge: Science, v. 174, p. 1329–1331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bucha, V., 1961, Palaeomagnetic pole positions in the Precambrian and Palaeozoic periods investigated from Czechoslovak rocks: Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica Cesk Akad Ved, v. 5, p. 269–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bullard, E. C., Everett, J. E., and Smith, A. G., 1965, The fit of the continents around the Atlantic: Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (London), v. 258A, p. 41–51.Google Scholar
  6. Cady, W. M., 1972, Are the Ordovician northern Appalachians and the Mesozoic cordilleran system homologous?: J. Geophys. Res., v. 77, p. 3806–3815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carey, S. W., 1955, The orocline concept in geotectonics: Papers & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tas., v. 89, p. 255–288.Google Scholar
  8. Christoffel, D. A., 1971, Motion of the New Zealand Alpine fault deduced from the pattern of sea-floor spreading: Bull. Roy. Soc. (N.Z.), v. 9, p. 25–30.Google Scholar
  9. Collinson, D. W. and Runcorn, S. K., 1960, Polar wandering and continental drift: evidence from paleomagnetic observations in the United States: Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., v. 71, p. 915–958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Creer, K. M., Irving, E., and Runcorn, S. K., 1957, Geophysical interpretation of palaeomagnetic results from Great Britain: Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A., v. 250, p. 144–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dewey, J. F. and Bird, J. M., 1970, Mountain belts and the new global tectonics: J. Geophys. Res., v. 75, p. 2625–2647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dietz, R. S. and Holden, J. C., 1970, Reconstruction of Pangea: breakup and dispersion of continents, Permian to present: J. Geophys. Res., v. 75, p. 4939–4956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dillon, W. P. and Sougy, J. M. A., 1974, The northwestern margin of Africa and its relationship with the North American continent, in: The Ocean Basins and Margins. 2. The North Atlantic, Nairn, A. E. M. and Stehli, F. G., eds.: Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Erben, H. K., 1964, Facies developments in the marine Devonian of the Old World: Proc. Ussher Soc., v. 1, p. 92–118.Google Scholar
  15. Fox, P. J., Pitman, W. C., and Shephard, F., 1969, Crustal plates in the Central Atlantic: evidence for at least two poles of rotation: Science, v. 165, p. 487–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Freeland, G. L., Dietz, R. S., 1971, Plate tectonic evolution of Caribbean-Gulf of Mexico region: Nature, v. 232, p. 20–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Heirtzler, J. R., Dickson, G. O., Herron, E. M., Pitman, W. C., and LePichon, X., 1968, Marine magnetic anomalies, geomagnetic field reversals, and motions of the ocean floor and continents: J. Geophys. Res., v. 73, p. 2119–2136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hsü, K. J., 1971, Origin of the Alps and Western Mediterranean: Nature, v. 233, p. 44–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Irving, E., Park, J. K., and Roy, J. L., 1972, Palaeomagnetism and the origin of the Grenville Front: Nature, v. 236, p. 344–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Johnson, G. A. L., 1973, Crustal margins and plate tectonics during the Carboniferous. VII International Carboniferous Conference, Krefeld, 1971.Google Scholar
  21. Kasameyer, P. W., Von Herzen, R. P., Simmons, G., 1972, Heat flow, bathymetry and the mid-Atlantic ridge at 43°N: J. Geophys. Res., v. 77, p. 2535–2542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Knopoff, L., Poehls, K. A., and Smith, R. C., 1972, Drift of continental rafts with asymmetric heating: Science, v. 176, p. 1023–1024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Latouche, C., 1971, Découverte d’attapulgite dans des sediments carottés sur le dôme Cantabria (Golfe de Gascogne) consequences paléogéographiques: c. r. Acad. Sci., v. 272, p. 2064–2066.Google Scholar
  24. Le Pichon, X., 1968, Sea-floor spreading and continental drift: J. Geophys. Res., v. 73, p. 3661–3697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. LePichon, X. and Fox, P. J., 1971, Marginal offsets, fracture zones, and the early opening of the North Atlantic: J. Geophys. Res., v. 76, p. 6294–6308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lliboutry, L., 1972, The driving mechanism, its source of energy, and its evolution studied with a three-layer model: J. Geophys. Res., v. 77, p. 3759–3770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Matthews, D. H. and Williams, C. A., 1968, Linear magnetic anomalies in the Bay of Biscay; a qualitative interpretation: Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, v. 4, p. 315–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McGregor, B. A. and Krause, D. C., 1972, Evolution of the sea floor in the Corner seamounts area: J. Geophys. Res., v. 77, p. 2526–2534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Morgan, W. J., 1968, Rises, trenches, great faults, and crustal blocks: J. Geophys. Res., v. 73, p. 1959–1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nairn, A. E. M., 1956, Relevance of palaeomagnetic studies of Jurassic rocks to continental drift: Nature, v. 178, p. 935–936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nairn, A. E. M., 1960, Paleomagnetic results from Europe: J. Geol., v. 68, p. 385–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nairn, A. E. M., 1963, A review of the variation in position of land masses during geological times: Uzitá Geofyz., v. 1, p. 97–108.Google Scholar
  33. Nairn, A. E. M. and Stehli, F. G., 1973, A model for the South Atlantic, in: The Ocean Basin and Margins. 1. The South Atlantic, Nairn, A. E. M. and Stehli, F. G., eds.: Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  34. Nicholson, R., 1973, The Scandinavian Caledonides, in: The Ocean Basins and Margins. 2. The North Atlantic, Nairn, A. E. M. and Stehli, F. G., eds.: Plenum Press, New York, Chap. 6.Google Scholar
  35. Noltimier, H. C., 1973, The geophysics of the North Atlantic basin, in: The Ocean Basins and Margins. 2. The North Atlantic, Nairn, A. E. M. and Stehli, F. G., eds.: Plenum Press, New York, Chap. 14.Google Scholar
  36. Phillips, J. D. and Forsyth, D., 1972, Plate tectonics, palaeomagnetism, and the opening of the Atlantic: Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., v. 83, p. 1579–1600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Phillips, J. D. and Luyendyk, B. P., 1970, Central North Atlantic plate motions over the last 40 million years: Science, v. 170, p. 727–729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pitman, W. C., and Talwani, M., 1971, Central North Atlantic plate motions: Science, v. 174, p. 845–846.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pitman, W. C. and Talwani, M., 1972, Sea-floor spreading in the North Atlantic: Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., v. 83, p. 619–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Roy, J. L., 1972, A pattern of rupture of the eastern North American-Western European paleoblock: Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, v. 14, p. 103–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sleep, N. H., 1971, Thermal effects of the formation of Atlantic continental margins by continental break-up: Geophys. Jour., v. 24, p. 325–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Taylor, F. B., 1910, Bearing of the Tertiary mountain belt on the origin of the earth’s plan: Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., v. 21, p. 179–226.Google Scholar
  43. Van der Voo, R., 1969, Paleomagnetic evidence for the rotation of the Iberian peninsula: Tectonophysics, v. 7, p. 5–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Vigneaux, M., 1973, The geology and sedimentation history of the Bay of Biscay, in: The Ocean Basins and Margins. 2. The North Atlantic, Nairn, A. E. M. and Stehli, F. G., eds.: Plenum Press, New York, Chap. 9.Google Scholar
  45. Vogt, P. R., Anderson, C. N., Bracey, D. R., and Schneider, E. D., 1970, North Atlantic magnetic smooth zones: J. Geophys. Res., v. 75, p. 3955–3967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Vogt, P. R., Avery, O. E., Schneider, E. D., Anderson, C. N., and Bracey, D. R., 1969, Discontinuities in sea-floor spreading: Tectonophysics, v. 8, p. 285–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Watkins, N. D. and Richardson, A., 1967, Paleomagnetism of the Lisbon volcanics: Geophys. Jour., v. 15, p. 287–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Weissel, J. K. and Hayes, D. E., 1971, Asymmetric sea-floor spreading south of Australia: Nature, v. 231, p. 518–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wilson, J. T., 1966, Did the Atlantic Ocean close and then reopen?: Nature, v. 211, p. 676–681.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. E. M. Nairn
    • 1
  • F. G. Stehli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeologyCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations