Advertisement

Advances in Raman Instrumentation and Sampling Techniques

  • John R. Ferraro

Abstract

In 1928, when Sir Chandrasekhara Raman discovered the phenomenon which bears his name, the instrumentation was very crude. Raman used sunlight as the source, a telescope as the collector, and his eyes were the detector. It was very remarkable that such a small phenomenon as the Raman effect was detected with such primitive instrumentation.

Keywords

Raman Spectroscopy Sampling Technique Image Slicer Entrance Slit Raman Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    P. Krishnamurti, Indian J. Phys. 5: 587 (1930).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. M. Hoffman and F. Daniels, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 54: 4226 (1932).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. J. Buttolph, Rev. Sci. Instr. 1: 650 (1930).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. P. Kerschbaum, Z. Instrumentenk. 34: 43 (1914).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Veskatesachar and L. Sibaiya, Indian J. Phys. 5: 747 (1930).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. H. Hibben, The Raman Effect and Its Chemical Application, Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    F. H. Spedding and R. F. Stamm, J. Chem. Phys. 10: 176 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. H. Rank and J. S. McCartney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38: 279 (1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. L. Welsh, M. F. Crawford, T. R. Thomas, and G. R. Love, Can. J. Phys. 30: 577 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. S. Ham and A. Walsh, Spectrochim. Acta 12: 88 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Brandmüller and H. Moser, Emfihrung in Die Raman Spektroskopie, Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, Darmstadt, 1962.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. H. Rank and R. V. Wiegand, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36: 325 (1946).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. H. Rank, R. J. Pfister, and P. D. Coleman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32: 390 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. J. Heigl, B. F. Dudenbostel, J. F. Blank, and J. A. Wilson, Anal. Chem. 22: 154 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. F. Stamm, C. F. Salzman, and T. Mariner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43: 119 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. F. Stamm, Ind. Eng. Chem. (Anal. Edition) 17: 3181 (1945).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. F. Stamm and C. F. Salzman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43: 126 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    I. S. Bowen, Astrophys. 88: 113 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Benesch and J. Strong, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41: 252 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. V. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41: 732 (1952).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Cary, W. S. Galloway, and K. P. George, paper presented at Molecular Spectroscopy Symposium, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio (1953).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. P. S. Porto and D. L. Wood, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52: 251 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Kogelnik and S. P. S. Porto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53: 1446 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    E. H. Siegler, C. D. Hinman, and A. F. Slomba, paper presented at Molecular Spectroscopy Symposium, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio (1964).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. C. Tobin, “Sample Problem in Raman Spectroscopy,” in: W. D. Ashby (ed.), Developments in Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 1, Plenum Press, New York, 1962, pp. 205–214.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. F. J. Taboury, Bull. Soc. Chim. 10: 205 (1943).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Brandmüller, Z. Angew. Phys. 5: 95 (1953).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Simon, H. Kriegsmann, and E. Steger, Z. Physik. Chem. (Leipzig) 205: 181 (1956).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    B. Schrader, F. Neidel, and G. Krezge, Z. Physik. Chem. (Frankfurt) 12: 132 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    K. W. F. Kohlrausch and A. W. Reitz, Ramanspektrem, Edwards Brothers, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1945.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. R. Ferraro, J. S. Ziomek, and G. Mack, Spectrochim. Acta 17: 802 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    B. Schrader, F. Nerdel, and G. Kresze, Z. Anal. Chem. 170: 43 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. R. Ferraro, Spectrochim. Acta 20: 901 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    N. Mitchell and D. C. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 39: 1364 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. D. Tunnicliff and A. C. Jones, Spectrochim. Acta 18: 569 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    J. R. Ferraro, J. S. Ziomek, and K. Puckett, Rev. Sci. Instr. 35: 754 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    J. E. Griffiths, R. P. Carter, and R. R. Holmes, J. Chem. Phys. 41: 3863 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    G. E. Walrafen, J. Chem. Phys. 43: 479 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    E. I. Gordon, E. F. Labuda, and W. B. Bridges, Appl. Phys. Letters 4: 178 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    W. B. Bridges and A. N. Chester, Appl. Opt. 4: 573 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    S. P. S. Porto, paper presented at the Fourth National Meeting of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy, Denver, Colorado (August—September 1965 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Ferraro
    • 1
  1. 1.Argonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA

Personalised recommendations