Invertebrate Learning and Behavior Taxonomies

  • J. A. Dyal
  • W. C. Corning


It is difficult to reconcile formal learning theories with the intricate, complex, and adaptive organism-environment transactions which we observe in invertebrates. While it may turn out that the delicate behavioral chiaroscuros are “nothing more than” the stark operational definitions found in Kimble (1961), when invertebrate transactions are watched for extended periods of time there is little rapport between the textbook and the observations. This is not a plea for naturalistic research so much as a comment on the lack of a conceptualization which could encompass the adaptive repertoires shown by invertebrates. This volume reviews behavior modification of invertebrates and permits itself rather broad latitude concerning what may or may not turn out to be “grade A certified” learning. It will be shown that behavior modification occurs at all levels of invertebrate phylogeny and that some quite complex paradigms are successfully performed by quite simple systems.


Classical Conditioning Reversal Learning Differential Conditioning Avoidance Conditioning Instrumental Conditioning 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Dyal
    • 1
  • W. C. Corning
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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