Only a few species of algae have been exploited for genetic studies. So far the most commonly used species is the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardi (see Figure 1). Its principal virtues are ease of cultivation in the laboratory, a simple and rapid life cycle, and a rather well-known Mendelian Genetics. Among the cellular phenomena that have been studied with C. reinhardi are the Genetics of photosynthesis (Levine, 1969; Levine and Goodenough, 1970), the Genetics of the flagellar apparatus (Starling and Randall, 1971), and the Genetics of the cell wall. Of particluar interest is the Genetics of the chloroplast (Levine and Goodenough, 1970; Surzycki et al., 1970) and the presence of a non-Mendelian, uniparental system of inheritance which may govern a portion of the genetic function of chloroplasts and mitochondria (Gillham, 1969; Surzycki and Gillham, 1971; Sager, 1972).
KeywordsStarch Dioxide Agar Recombination Chloroform
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