Tensile Fragmentation of Virgin Glass Fibers

  • Shin-ichi Hyodo
  • Masaki Kimura
Part of the Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics book series (FMOC, volume 1)


In some tensile tests with brittle materials, fractures are occasionally produced at two different cross-sections, seemingly simultaneously, when the rupture load is reached. It is believed that this phenomenon of the second rupture is caused by the destructive action of the elastic strain waves generated during the first of the two fractures. Miklowitz1) and Phillips2) have shown that two types of waves are generated; the first is a longitudinal unloading wave and the other is a group of flexural strain waves caused by the moment that develops at the initial fracture section. The superposition of the two waves will raise the magnitude of stress somewhere in the specimen higher than that of the static stress initially applied.


Glass Fiber Reverse Motion Secondary Fracture Fragmentation Velocity Vitreous Silica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1).
    J. Miklowitz, J. Appl. Mech. 20, 122 (1953).Google Scholar
  2. 2).
    J. W. Phillips, Intern. J. Solids Struct. 6 1403 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3).
    Y. Ohno, S. Hyodo, J. Mat. Sci. Soc. Jap 6, 44 (1969).Google Scholar
  4. 4).
    J. J. Gilman, Mech. Engin. 83, No. 9, 55 (1961).Google Scholar
  5. 5).
    See, for example, J. E. Field, Contemp. Phys. 12, No. 1, 1 (1971).Google Scholar
  6. 6).
    J. J. Gilvarry, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 391 amp; 400 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7).
    W. F. Thomas, Phys. Chem. Glasses 1, 4 (1960).Google Scholar
  8. 8).
    N. M. Cameron, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 49, 144 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9).
    K. Oi, Experim. Mech. 6, 463 (1966).Google Scholar
  10. 10).
    H. Kolsky, Fracture ( John Wiley, New York, 1959 ), p. 281.Google Scholar
  11. 11).
    E. R. Fitzgerald, Particle Waves and Deformation in Crystalline Solids ( Interscience Pub., New York, 1966 ).Google Scholar
  12. 12).
    E. R. Fitzgerald, Phys. Letters 10, 42 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13).
    B. E. Warren, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 24, 256 (1941).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14).
    B. E. Warren, J. Appl. Phys. 8, 645 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shin-ichi Hyodo
    • 1
  • Masaki Kimura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of EngineeringThe University of TokyoBunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113Japan

Personalised recommendations