Parental Investments by Seabirds at the Breeding Area with Emphasis on Northern Gannets, Morus bassanus

  • W. A. Montevecchi
  • J. M. Porter


Present studies indicate that marine birds bond monogamously (e.g., Richdale, 1951; Austin and Austin, 1956; Coulson, 1966; cf. Chapter 5), are relatively long-lived, and generally exhibit delayed maturity (Lack, 1968). With the exception of murres (Tuck, 1961), razorbills, and some murrelets (Sealy, 1973), seabird hatchlings exhibit altricial through semiprecocial modes of development. All seabirds, except for some murrelets, are nidiculous during a considerable portion of posthatch development and therefore require extensive parental care at the breeding area. Parents provide offspring with body heat and food, and depending on the species, protection from weather and predators, and opportunities for learning (Nice, 1962).


Nest Site Parental Investment Parental Feeding Common Tern Nestling Period 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. A. Montevecchi
    • 1
  • J. M. Porter
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’s, NewfoundlandCanada
  2. 2.Department of BiologyAcadia UniversityWolfville, Nova ScotiaCanada

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