Comparative Distribution and Orientation of North American Gulls

  • William E. Southern


The abundance of many gull species and consequently their distributional patterns have shown considerable variation during the last century and a half. By the mid-19th century human exploitation resulted in the populations of many seabirds, including gulls, declining to dangerously low levels. The birds and their eggs were used for food by the growing human population, feathers were processed by the millinery trade, and many islands and coastal areas were usurped for human endeavors thereby destroying nesting habitats.


Great Lake Region Breeding Range Colony Site Herring Gull Nonbreeding Season 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • William E. Southern
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesNorthern Illinois UniversityDeKalbUSA

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