The Transition to Independence and Postfledging Parental Care in Seabirds

  • Joanna Burger


Behavior is one component of adaptation to the environment; thus examinations of particular kinds of behavior provide insights into the evolution of species. Comparing behaviors among animals provides a framework for generating ideas about how animals adapt. In birds, parental care involves considerable time and energy, and thus provides a good opportunity to examine the diversity, mechanisms, and adaptative significance of behavior. Parental care refers to all behaviors that contribute to the maintenance and survival of their young. Most references to parental care in the literature are limited to the early phase of care of the nestlings, whereas a few studies examine care up until “fledging.” In its broadest sense, parental care includes any behavior that contributes to the survival of the young once they have departed from the nest and are partially independent of their parents.


Nest Site Parental Care Care Period Colony Site Herring Gull 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna Burger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyLivingston College and Center for Coastal and Environmental Studies Rutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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