Advertisement

Properties of Electron Centers

  • Clifford C. Klick

Abstract

In this chapter, as in the previous one, there will be a great deal of emphasis on color centers in alkali halides and especially on the F center.* It is surely the best understood and most widely investigated center in ionic crystals. Since it consists of an electron localized at a halide ion vacancy, it is a very simple center. Also, many of the other, more complex centers consist of clusters of two or more F centers. As a result, the F center holds a position in the area of defects in solids which is similar to that of the hydrogen atom in atomic physics. It is the simple system on which new models, theories, and techniques are usually first tried before being extended to more complex problems.

Keywords

Excited State Electron Spin Resonance Color Center Electron Center Complex Center 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. H. Schulman and W. D. Compton, Color Centers in Solids (Macmillan, New York, 1962)Google Scholar
  2. J. J. Markham, F-Centers in Alkali Halides (Academic Press, New York, 1966)Google Scholar
  3. W. B. Fowler (Ed.), Physics of Color Centers (Academic Press, New York, 1968).Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    W. Gebhardt and H. Kühnert, Phys. Letters 11, 15 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 3.
    C. C. Klick and J. H. Schulman, in Solid State Physics, Vol. V, Ed. by F. Seitz and D. Turnbull (Academic Press, New York, 1957).Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    W. Gebhardt and H. Kühnert, Phys. Stat. Sol. 14, 157 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 5.
    J. M. Worlock and S. P. S. Porto, Phys. Rev. Letters 15, 697 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6.
    C. H. Henry, Phys. Rev. 152, 699 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 7.
    H. Seidel and H. C. Wolf, in Physics of Color Centers, Ed. by W. B. Fowler (Academic Press, New York, 1968).Google Scholar
  10. 8.
    F. Hughes and J. G. Allard, Phys. Rev. 125, 173 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 9.
    G. Feher, Phys. Rev. 114, 1219, 1245 (1959).ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 10.
    H. Seidel, Z. Physik 165, 218 (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 11.
    B. S. Gourary and F. J. Adrian, Phys. Rev. 105, 1180 (1957).MathSciNetADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 12.
    U. Opik and R. F. Wood, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., Ser. II, 15, 339 (1970).Google Scholar
  15. 13.
    R. K. Swank and F. C. Brown, Phys. Rev. 130, 34 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 14.
    W. B. Fowler, Phys. Rev. 135, A1725 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 15.
    G. Chiarotti, U. M. Grassano, G. Margaritondo and R. Rosei, Nuovo Cimento X, 64B, 159 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 16.
    L. D. Bogan and D. B. Fitchen, Phys. Rev. B1, 4122 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 17.
    N. V. Karlov, J. Margerie, and Y. Merle, D’Aubigne J. Physique 24, 717 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 18.
    J. Mort, F. Liity, and F. C. Brown, Phys. Rev. 137, A566 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 19.
    F. Lüty and J. Mort, Phys. Rev. Letters 12, 45 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 20.
    D. Y. Smith, Phys. Rev. 137, A574 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 21.
    M. P. Fontana, private communication.Google Scholar
  24. 22.
    L. F.’ Mollenauer, S. Pan, and S. Yngvesson, Phys. Rev. Letters 23, 683 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 23.
    D. Y. Smith and G. Spinolo, Phys. Rev. 140, A2121 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 24.
    K. Park and W. L. Faust, Phys. Rev. Letters 17, 137 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 25.
    F. Lüty, Z. Physik 160, 1 (1960).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 26.
    G. Chiarotti and U. M. Grassano, Phys. Rev. Letters 16, 124 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 27.
    N. Inchauspé, Phys. Rev. 106, 898 (1957).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 28.
    P. Petrescu, Phys. Stat. Sol. 29, 333 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 29.
    C. C. Klick and M. N. Kabler, Phys. Rev. 131, 1075 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 30.
    F. Lüty, in Physics of Solids, Ed. by W. Beall Fowler (Academic Press, New York, 1968).Google Scholar
  33. 31.
    R. G. Fuller, Phys. Rev. 142, 524 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 32.
    J. C. Bushnell, Thesis, Univ. of Illinois, unpublished (1964).Google Scholar
  35. 33.
    R. S. Crandall and M. Mikkor, Phys. Rev. 138, A1247 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 34.
    H. Pick, Nuovo Cimento VII (Ser. X), No. 2, 498 (1958).Google Scholar
  37. 35.
    C. J. Delbecq, P. Pringsheim, and P. H. Yuster, J. Chem. Phys. 19, 574 (1951).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 36.
    F. Bassani and N. Inchauspé, Phys. Rev. 105, 819 (1957).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 37.
    C. C. Klick and D. A. Patterson, Phys. Rev. 130, 2169 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 38.
    T. Timusk, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 26, 849 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 39.
    I. Schneider, Phys. Rev. Letters 24, 1296 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 40.
    H. Seidel, Phys. Letters 7, 27 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 41.
    I. Schneider, Phys. Rev. Letters 17, 1009 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 42.
    I. Schneider, to be published.Google Scholar
  45. 43.
    I. Schneider, M. Marrone, and M. N. Kabler, Appl. Opt. 9, 1163 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 44.
    I. Schneider and H. Rabin, Phys. Rev. 140, A1983 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 45.
    R. H. Silsbee, Phys. Rev. 138, A180 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 46.
    H. Seidel, M. Schwoerer, and D. Schmid, Z. Physik 182, 398 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 47.
    A. B. Scott and W. A. Smith, Phys. Rev. 83, 982 (1951).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 48.
    D. B. Fitchen, in Physics of Color Centers, Ed. by W. Beal Fowler (Academic Press, New York, 1968).Google Scholar
  51. 49.
    D. B. Fitchen, H. R. Fetterman, and C. B. Pierce, Solid State Comm. 4, 205 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 50.
    Y. Farge, Phys. Rev. B1, 4797 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 51.
    F. Patten, Phys. Rev. 175, 1216 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 52.
    J. H. Beaumont and W. Hayes, Proc. Roy. Soc. A309, 41 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 53.
    B. C. Cavenett, W. Hayes, I. C. Hunter, and A. M. Stoneham, Proc. Roy. Soc. A309, 53 (1969).ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 54.
    O. E. Facey, and W. A. Sibley, to be published.Google Scholar
  57. 55.
    C. R. Riley and W. A. Sibley, Phys. Rev. B1, 2789 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clifford C. Klick
    • 1
  1. 1.Naval Research LaboratoryUSA

Personalised recommendations