Visual Systems for Night Vision

  • A. D. Schnitzler
Part of the Optical Physics and Engineering book series (OPEG, volume 1)


The formation and detection of images at low light levels depend on the quantum nature of light. For example, in human vision the eye collects a certain number of photons per second which emanate from an object in proportion to its radiance and area. An image is detected as a result of the absorption of photons by the retina of the eye. The number of photons absorbed by the elements of the retina per integration time of the eye varies with the brightness of the image elements, the rate being greater for bright elements and lesser for dark ones.


Visual Perception Test Pattern Retinal Image Dark Adaptation Modulation Transfer Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Rose, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 196 (1948); Advan. in Electronics 1 131 (1948).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. C. Hardy and F. H. Perrin, The Principles of Optics, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York (1932).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. H. Graham, Vision and Visual Perception, John Wiley and Sons, New York (1965).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Hecht, S. Shlaer, and M. H. Pirenne, J. Gen. Physiol. 25, 819 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. H. Graham and Y. Hsia, Science 127, 675 (1958).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    O. H. Schade, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 721 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. I. de Vries, Physica 10, 553 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. W. Coltman and A. E. Anderson, Proc. IRE 46, 858 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. L. Brown, C. H. Graham, H. Leibowitz, and H. B. Ranken, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 197 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Schnitzler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Defense AnalysesArlingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations