Dying Stars and Reborn Dust

  • E. E. Salpeter
Part of the Studies in the Natural Sciences book series (SNS, volume 5)


I am happy to help honor the memory of J. Robert Oppenheimer at this occasion. I started my scientific career as a quantum field theorist and, on numerous pilgrimages to the Princeton Institute, I was inspired and helped by Oppie’s enthusiasm and insight. Although Oppenheimer is not so well known in astrophysical circles, he and his associates actually did much of the pioneering work on the gravitational collapse and structure of neutron stars long before any were discovered. Neutron stars lie at the heart of supernova remnants which I will discuss at the end of this report. My topic deals with one aspect of the symbiotic relationship between stars on the one hand and interstellar gas and dust on the other — the effect of dying stars (more specifically of planetary nebulae and of supernovae) on producing and replenishing dust-grains. I shall mainly review the current status but end with a speculative conjecture.


Neutron Star Supernova Remnant Planetary Nebula Magnesium Silicate Interstellar Dust 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aannestad, P.A. 1973, Astrophys. J. Suppl. (No. 217), 205.Google Scholar
  2. Aannestad, P.A. and Purcell, E.M. 1973, Ann. Rev. Astron. and Astrophys. 11, 309.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cahn, J.H. and Kaler, J.B. 1971, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 22 (No. 189), 319.ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Caroff, L., Petrosian, V., Salpeter, E., Wagoner R., and Werner, M. 1973, M.N.R.A.S. 164, 295.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Chevalier, R.A. 1974 Astrophys. J. (in print). Cohen, M. and Gaustad, J.E. 1973, Astrophys. J. 186, L131.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cox, D.P. 1972, Astrophys. J. 178, 143, 159 and 1969.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Donn, B.D. and Stecher, T.P. 1965, Astrophys. J. 142, 1681.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Field, G. B. 1973, paper at “The Dusty Universe” Symposium, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  9. Field, G.B. 1974, Astrophys. J. 187, 453.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fix, J. D. 1969, M.N.R.A.S. 146, 37 and 51.ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. Greenberg, J. M. 1973, paper at “The Dusty Universe” Symposium, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  12. Greenberg, J. M. 1974 (unpublished).Google Scholar
  13. Hoyle, F. and Wickramsinghe, N. C. 1962, M.N.R.A.S. 124, 417.ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Hoyle, F., Solomon, P. and Woolf, N. 1973, Astrophys. J. 185, L89.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jennings, M. C. and Dyck, H. M. 1972, Astrophys. J. 177, 427.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kamijo, F. and de Jong, T. 1973, Astron. and Astrophys. 25, 371.ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. Leibowitz, E. M. 1973, Astrophys. J. 186, 899.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mansfield, V. N. and Salpeter E. E. 1974, Astrophys. J. (in print).Google Scholar
  19. Morton, D., Drake, J., Jenkins, E., Rogerson, J., Spitzer, L., and York, D. 1973, Astrophys. J. 181, L103.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Peimbert, M. and Torres-Peimbert, S. 1971, Astrophys. J. 168, 413.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Purcell, E. M. and Pennypacker, C. R. 1973, Astrophys. J. 186, 705.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Salpeter, E. E. 1973, J. Chem. Phys. 58, 4331, and paper at “The Dusty Universe” Symposium, Cambridge, Mass.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Spitzer, L., Drake, J., Jenkins, E., Morton, E., Rogerson, J. and York, D. 1973, Astrophys. J. 181, L103.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Straka, W.C. 1974, Astrophys. J. (in print).Google Scholar
  25. White, R. E. 1974, Astrophys. J. 187, 449.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. E. Salpeter
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Nuclear StudiesCornell UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations